Agenda 2030, the distances between the Regions are increasing

The Territorial Report 2022, published by Asvis, the Italian Alliance for Sustainable Development: the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals is far away

Between 2010 and 2021 the differences between the Regions and the autonomous Provinces are increasing in the pursuit of 7 of the Objectives (SDGS – Sustainable Development Goals) of the UN Agenda 2030 concerning crucial issues such as Poverty (Goal 1), Health (Goal 3), Education (Goal 4), Gender Equality (Goal 5), Energy (Goal 7) , Jobs and economic growth (Goal 8), Cities and communities (Goal 11). During the same period the gaps between the territories decrease only for the Goal of circular economy (Goal 12) and Justice and institutions (Goal 16) and remain stable for other 5 Goals: Agriculture and food (Goal 2), Clean water and sanitation (Goal 6), Infrastructure and innovation (Goal 9), Inequalities (Goal 10), Life on land (Goal 15). And what emerges from Territorial Report 2022, published by Asvisthe Italian Alliance for Sustainable Development, which through the use of composite indices and quantitative objectives, analyzes the performance of Regions, Provinces and metropolitan cities, with respect to the 15 Objectives of the 2030 UN Agenda for which comparable data are available, and contains ten proposals for the protection and development of territories.

“The worrying picture that emerges from the Report depicts a country at different speeds, where the differences between strong and weak areas (not necessarily in the Centre-North and the South) are increasing rather than decreasing”, underlines Asvis. For some Goals, the Report also proposes an initial assessment of the impact of the pandemic crisis from Covid-19, in particular: for Poverty (Goal 1), the differences continue to increase also in the period 2019-2021; for Health (Goal 3), despite the overall improvement throughout the 2010-2021 period, the existing gap in 2019 increased considerably in the following two years; for Education (Goal 4) the national average improved throughout the period mainly thanks to the performance of the best Regions, while in the years of the pandemic (2019-2021) there was a further deterioration for the worst Regions.

The analysis, carried out for the first time in this edition of the Territorial Report, relates the behavior of the five Regions or Autonomous Provinces with the best performance to the five with the worst performance. “The tragedies caused by the recent floods in the Marches and Ischia demonstrate how climate change and uncontrolled urbanization are a formidable combination. For at least three legislatures, Parliament has not been able to legislate on land consumption and urban regeneration”, observes Asvis . In the “Decalogue for a Territorial Agenda for Sustainable Development”, contained in the Report, Asvis proposes, together with the associations of urban planners: “the activation of an interinstitutional forum for discussion with all the stakeholders set up by the Environment and Territory Commissions of House and Senate with 6 months to identify the ‘essential nucleus’ of the issues that require a regulatory update also indicating the instrument, legislative or administrative”. Among the other priority proposals, in evidence: “the definitive approval of the national strategy for sustainable development; the extension to all ministries of the Urban Agenda for sustainable development of Mims (today Mit); the implementation of the recommendations on hydrogeological instability of the resolution of the Court of Auditors of 18 October 2021 regarding funding, acceleration of intervention times and governance”.

“The Report is a tool available to central and local institutions and urges Parliament to update the legislation and implement coordinated policies for the governance of the territories, in consideration of the relative diversity and fragility. The availability of resources from the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (Pnrr) and other European and national funds is an unmissable opportunity to help territories in the transition towards a sustainable development model, reduce inequalities and prevent tragedies such as those caused by recent floods – affirm the presidents of Asvis Marcella Mallen and Pierluigi Stefanini – Immediate and concrete actions are needed to make the best use of the available resources, implementing long-term programs based on shared and measurable objectives”.

“Our country’s delay in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN 2030 Agenda is due to an incorrect development model whose devastating effects, in terms of climate change, generate an automatic accentuation of social inequalities – declares the president of Cnel, Tiziano Treu – This situation, today aggravated by the pandemic and by the complex international geopolitical context, actually has its roots in structural problems of our economic-productive and social system that can only find a solution in serious policies aimed at bridging the territorial, generational and gender gaps. The so-called transversal priorities envisaged by the Pnrr and the need for new skills, especially digital ones, for all citizens are placed in this framework”.