“The Logistic performance index (Lpi) – index developed by the World Bank that allows you to compare the transport logistics system in terms of performance – places Italy in 19th place (2018) with 3.74 points. The agri-food system is one of the sectors more sensitive to problems related to logistics because it is characterized by a strong specificity, by the nature of the products (fresh, dried and frozen), by the complexity of the production and food processing chains, by the articulation of sales channels, which for agri-food products extend from the street market to e-commerce, passing through large-scale distribution and Ho.Re.Ca., and from a growing globalization and internationalization of markets “. This is what is revealed in a well-known Italian Meritocracy. “The cost of logistics on the agri-food supply chains varies greatly. It changes according to the value and type of product, the added value of services incorporated in it, the length of the commercial and logistic channels”, explains the note.
“An average figure for the Italian food industry is around 10% of turnover (Ismea 2015), with peaks of more than double for the fruit and vegetable sector, while, considering the average selling price to the consumer, the incidence of logistics ‘extended’ is worth up to one third of the value of the sales. More generally – continues Meritocrazia Italia -, not only the structure of the product supply chains is relevant, but also the distance between countries of origin and destination, whether it is logistic chains / short commercial channels or logistic chains / long commercial channels. The number of commercial and logistic passages between one operator and another (commercial intermediary or a logistics operator) has a strong and direct impact on the increase in overall costs. the channels of marketing and physical distribution of products is one of the priority requirements for the efficiency of agri-food systems “.
“The incidence of the cost of transport has been increasing in recent years and is linked to the growth in fuel costs, but also to the difficulties of making critical mass and saturation of loads in managing the flow of goods. improvement both in primary transport (inventory flows) with the saturation of loads, and in secondary transport (to the point of sale) with the optimization of times and routes. Then – the note points out -, of course, also in the management of orders of the customer, increasingly fragmented (more frequencies for less average volumes delivered) and forced in terms of delivery times (lead time) and travel planning. In all this, the improvement / strengthening of customer / supplier relationships, the use of advanced information management technologies, managerial and technical growth of professionalism certainly represent the best paths to follow on the path of rationalization processes and, with it, the reduction of costs along the entire supply chain “.
“Logistic optimization is necessary for the agri-food system – says Meritocrazia Italia -, with an increase in the offer of services to improve customer / supplier distribution relationships and with a sectoral approach linked to an overall vision of all the problems. existing, supporting the spread of small-sized logistics platforms (under 10 thousand square meters) located in the production areas, useful for concentrating the supply of small local producers. The projects of medium-large-sized logistics platforms should be envisaged both in production lines both along the major traffic axes for the purpose of relaunching and redistributing goods, but with interventions accompanied by ICT computerized technologies for the growing needs of monitoring flows, with particular reference to traceability, management of the cold chain and its control along the entire supply chain “, concludes the note.