Air transport, Giovannini: ‘Two-stage plan for decarbonisation’

“Air transport closely concerns the entire economic system, the tourism system, the service system. The decarbonisation of the aviation sector, which is the subject at the center of this pact and this debate, is crucial. On the other hand, at a global level, and not only in the European Union, but also among international organizations, there is a lot of focus in this direction, to guarantee a future for the sector but also a future that respects the environment and the increased sensitivity of people. . Italy has already invested in this sense, but it is a long process, and for this reason it must be imagined in two stages“The Minister of Infrastructure and Sustainable Mobility said so Enrico Giovannini speaking at the first annual congress “Pact for the decarbonisation of air transport”, currently being held at Fiumicino airport “.

From now to 2030 – explains the minister – it is necessary to make qualification interventions that will not necessarily have an impact on the drop in emissions. What are the enabling factors? Mainly research, but also to better fine-tune national and European regulations, starting with the Fit55, as well as infrastructures. In the 2 billion sustainable mobility fund established by the Budget law and which will last until 2030, 200 million are allocated to the aviation sector to upgrade infrastructure. The change of the air fleet, moreover, does not happen overnight. It is a question of industrial policy, and on this we must say that Airbus looks clearly ahead of Boeing. We also need the production of biofuels, which can solve immediate problems, even if we cannot think of using them indefinitely “.

The real leap will then take place from 2030“.”From that date until 2050 – he continues – the actual decarbonization will proceed with a net reduction of the impacts on climate-altering emissions, because it is necessary to develop adequate technologies and the aircraft will also have to be of the new generation. Nor should we forget airports, which can do a lot to reduce their carbon footprint “.

With regard to decarbonization, the various parties in the election campaign show important differences. Not everyone thinks that the issue of sustainability is central. However, a European vision must be adopted. Here we are not only talking about the environment, but also about industrial, economic and research policy. In fact, the European Green Deal was presented not as an environmental plan but as an economic plan.

“The next few months – he adds – will tell us if the vision of the new Parliament and government will go in the direction outlined in this year and a half or if instead in the name of other priorities it will go elsewhere. And it would be very serious, because either we invest year later year or we will have to proceed in a run-up, while other countries are moving in this direction, and therefore for us it would mean losing positions. I invite everyone to be vigilant, because the pact for the decarbonization of the aviation sector cannot fail to have a high level of attention from politics“.

“Furthermore, I would like to understand which are the pieces of the PNRR that theoretically should be changed, beyond the slogans. For example, the electrification of ports, which has already started, why shouldn’t it be a priority?” concludes.