All the secretaries of the Democratic Party from Veltroni to Letta

The former mayor of Rome was the first to fill the role in 2007, the year the party was founded. After him Franceschini, Bersani, Renzi, Martina and the regencies of Epifani and Orfini. After Zingaretti’s secretariat, who resigned at the beginning of 2021, on March 14 of the same year Enrico Letta was elected. After the political elections of 2022, Letta announced that he will not run for the role in the next Congress

From Veltroni to Letta. There are seven, plus the regents, the secretaries of the Democratic Party who have followed one another from the founding of the party in 2007 to the farewell of Nicola Zingaretti and the election of Enrico Letta. Fifteen years of leadership of the dem, interspersed with political elections, resignations and abandonments (THE HISTORY OF THE PARTY).

Walter Veltroni: 27 October 2007 – 21 February 2009

The first national political secretary of the Democratic Party, officially born on October 14, 2007, is Walter Veltroni. The then mayor of Rome, who ran against Rosy Bindi, Enrico Letta, Mario Adinolfi, Pier Giorgio Gawronski and Jacopo G. Schettini in the primary that day, won with 76% of the votes. His appointment is ratified by the members of the National Constituent Assembly on October 27th. His office of him lasts until February 17, 2009, when he resigns after the electoral defeats in the political elections of April 2008 and in the regional elections of 2009 in Sardinia. During his mandate, after the defeat in the 2008 elections, he became president of the Council of Ministers in the shadow government of the Democratic Party, the second of its kind in Italy after that of the PCI led by Achille Occhetto (LA STORIA DELLE PRIMARIE).

Dario Franceschini: 21 February 2009 – 7 November 2009

On 21 February 2009, after Veltroni left the scene, Dario Franceschini was elected secretary of the Democratic Party, formerly Undersecretary of State to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers in the D’Alema II and Amato II governments and first president of the Ulivo group. in the Chamber of Deputies from 2006 to 2008. Franceschini was elected by the National Assembly with 1047 preferences, beating Arturo Parisi. He is secretary of the Democratic Party during the 2009 European elections and leads the negotiations with Martin Schulz that lead to the birth of the Group of European Socialists and Democrats. Franceschini then ran for the primary on 25 October 2009, but was defeated by Pier Luigi Bersani. From 22 February 2014 to 1 June 2018 he was Minister of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism first in the Renzi government and then in the Gentiloni government.

Pier Luigi Bersani: 7 November 2009 – 20 April 2013

From 7 November 2009 the new secretary of the Democratic Party is Pier Luigi Bersani, elected in the primary on 25 October where he defeated opponents Dario Franceschini and Ignazio Marino. Former president of the Emilia-Romagna Region between 1993 and 1996, he was Minister of Industry, Commerce and Crafts in the Prodi I and D’Alema I Governments, Minister of Transport and Navigation in the D’Alema II and Amato II, and Minister of Economic Development in the Prodi II government. In 2012 he ran for the primary elections of “Italia. Common Good “to choose the center-left prime minister in the 2013 general elections: he runs against the then mayor of Florence Matteo Renzi, the president of the Puglia region and president of SEL Nichi Vendola, the councilor of the Veneto region Laura Puppato and the councilor to the Budget of the Municipality of Milan Bruno Tabacci. He is in the lead after the first round and in the end, on December 2, 2012, he wins the ballot against Renzi. At the policies of 24 and 25 February 2013, the center-left coalition wins, but has the majority only in the House and not in the Senate. Bersani is commissioned by the head of state Giorgio Napolitano to find the numbers to form a new government, but the secretary of the Pd in ​​the end puts back the exploratory mandate that was not successful. On April 19 of the same year, after the failure of Franco Marini and Romano Prodi’s candidacies to the Quirinale, he announced his intention to resign as secretary of the Democratic Party, which he did the following day when Napolitano was re-elected for the second term. In 2017, in disagreement with Renzi on the political line of the Democratic Party, he left the party to found with Roberto Speranza, Massimo D’Alema and Enrico Rossi “Article 1 – Democratic and Progressive Movement”.

Guglielmo Epifani: 11 May 2013 – 15 December 2013 (regent)

Taking over from Bersani, on 11 May 2013, is Gugliemo Epifani, appointed regent secretary of the Democratic Party by the Party Assembly with 458 votes out of 534. The former general secretary of the CGIL remains in office until 15 December, when he is replaced by Matteo Renzi, winner of the primary on 8 December. Epifani, like Bersani, leaves the Democratic Party in 2017 due to differences with Renzi and adheres to “Article 1 – Democratic and Progressive Movement”.

Matteo Renzi: 15 December 2013 – 19 February 2017

In the primaries of December 8, 2013 the then mayor of Florence Matteo Renzi becomes secretary of the Democratic Party, who arrives at the helm of the dem after defeating Gianni Cuperlo and Giuseppe Civati ​​with 67.5% of the votes. The Assembly officially proclaims it on December 15th. Two months later he presented a document proposing the replacement of the government led by Enrico Letta: the text was voted by a very large majority by the Pd Management and, after the resignation of the premier, Renzi in February 2014 received from Napolitano the task of forming a new executive . On February 22 the Renzi government takes the oath and on the 24 and 25 of the same month he gains confidence in Parliament. On 4 December 2016, the failure of the constitutional referendum called by the dem secretary first decrees his resignation as prime minister (formalized on 7 December) and then as secretary of the Democratic Party (19 February).

Matteo Orfini: 19 February 2017 – 7 May 2017 (regent)

In the three months between Renzi’s first and second term, the regent secretary of the Democratic Party is Matteo Orfini, president of the party since June 14, 2014 and extraordinary commissioner of the Roman Democratic Party. On April 30, 2017, the primaries re-elect Renzi as secretary and on May 7 Orfini is reconfirmed as president of the party by the National Assembly.

Matteo Renzi: 7 May 2017 – 12 March 2018

Already during the mandate of Orfini’s regent, Renzi announces his willingness to reappear in the party primaries on 30 April 2017. His challengers are the Minister of Justice Andrea Orlando and the President of Puglia Michele Emiliano, but the former mayor of Florence wins with 69.2% of the votes. The resignation comes again less than a year later, following the debacle of the Democratic Party in the political elections of March 4th.

Maurizio Martina: 12 March 2018 – 7 July 2018 (regent), 7 July – 17 November 2018

After Renzi’s second resignation, Maurizio Martina, the party’s first deputy secretary and minister of agricultural, food and forestry policies in the Renzi and Gentiloni governments, occupies the post of secretary of the Democratic Party. During his tenure as regent, after the March 4 elections Martina stood out for his openness to the M5s during the transitional post-vote phase, but the negotiations for the formation of an executive were not successful. On 7 July 2018 the National Assembly of the Democratic Party elected him party secretary, a role he held until his resignation, made official on 17 November of the same year. Five days later, on November 22, he announced his candidacy in the primaries of March 3, 2019 (THE CANDIDATES).

Nicola Zingaretti: March 17, 2019 – March 14, 2021

The primaries of March 3, 2019 are won by the president of the Lazio Region Nicola Zingaretti (WHO IS), who gets 66% of the votes by defeating the challengers Maurizio Martina and Roberto Giachetti. He is officially proclaimed party secretary on March 17, with the vote of the National Assembly in Rome. “We have to change, we need an open party”, his first message from his leader. On March 30th he presented the new logo chosen to run in the European elections: the classic symbol of the Democratic Party, together with the words “We are Europeans” on a blue background and the word “Socialists and Democrats” (Pse) on a red background. the Democratic Party first supported the Conte bis government that the Draghi, Zingaretti executive decided to leave the leadership of the party, arguing over too much internal attention to seats.

Enrico Letta: March 14, 2021 – present

In March 2021, following the resignation of Zingaretti, the name of Enrico Letta was made as possible new secretary of the Democratic Party. On March 12, the former premier, who has dedicated himself to university teaching in Paris since 2015, resolves his reservation positively and accepts the candidacy. On March 14, Letta was elected with 860 votes in favor, 2 against and 4 abstentions. “I am applying to be the new secretary but I know that you do not need a new secretary: you need a new Pd”, he declares during the assembly, and then traces the profile of the party he would like to lead: “Progressive in values, reformists in method and radical behavior among us “. After the political elections of September 25, 2022, Letta announces a party congress but says that he will not re-nominate himself to lead the party.