Amato on Sky TG24: “He is in favor of the premiership, but in this way he loses the role of head of state”

The former Prime Minister, guest of Giovanna Pancheri, underlined his favorable opinion of the German system but highlighted how “this reform proposed by the government risks causing the President of the Republic, a figure much loved by Italians, to lose his authority”. Amato then denied the rumors about Giorgia Meloni’s irritation over her nomination to lead the Commission on Artificial Intelligence: “We must study the impacts on publishing and not build an electronic brain”

“I am in favor of strengthening the prime minister, I have always thought that the German system was the best,” declared Giuliano Amato, guest of Giovanna Pancheri on Sky TG24. The former prime minister, however, maintained that “the solution reached during Berlusconi’s governments, where the coalitions indicated who they would present as prime minister, was excellent. The direct election of the prime minister risks losing the authority of the head of state, a figure of guarantee and not a political one, and would deprive Italians of a figure they are fond of, I don’t know how much they would appreciate it. There could be a confirmatory referendum and history says that these reforms do not have great success at the polls.” Amato then denied the rumors about an alleged irritation on the part of Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni regarding her appointment as head of the Commission on Artificial Intelligence: “I don’t know that she is irritated by my appointment: we don’t have the task of building an electronic brain, we have to study the impacts on the media”.

The loss of powers of Parliament

As Amato highlights, “if the investiture of the prime minister is given by the electorate, a large portion of Parliament’s power goes to the electorate. In this way, however, the reform does not solve the problems, even if it is true that, when the Constitution was promulgated, it was accused shortly afterwards of having given few powers to the government. This was true because those who had worked on it, both the Christian Democrats and the left, had read about it for fear that they would govern others and because there was the historical memory of what had happened a few years before”. For this reason, Amato underlines, “some prerogatives have been distorted, such as the decree-law, which from an extraordinary source has become a daily source, or the maxi-amendment, which have strongly strengthened the government. As the Prime Minister underlines, it is important to have institutional stability and balance but the real problem appears to be the instability of the foundations of the political system, with voters who no longer have strong collective identities”. As Amato points out, “the German system is proportional up to a certain point, given that there are majority constituencies: even there we are starting to partly notice the fragility of political identities”.