The diffusion of advanced analyzes based on the use of Artificial Intelligence can today represent a fundamental solution in the fight against climate change. According to the study “How AI Can Be a Powerful Tool in the Fight Against Climate Change” carried out by AI for the Planet Alliance in collaboration with Boston Consulting Group (Bcg) and Bcg Gamma, 87% of the leaders of various sectors, both public and private individuals, believe that Artificial Intelligence is a valid lever in the fight against climate change and about 40% of organizations are willing to use AI for their climate and sustainability initiatives.
However, experts agree that there are still significant obstacles for AI adoption to truly extend: 78% of respondents cite insufficient expertise in the field, 77% cite limited availability of AI solutions. AI and 67% show a lack of confidence in AI data and analytics.
“The unique ability of AI to collect, complete and interpret large and complex amounts of data helps stakeholders to be better informed and to adopt an effective approach to reduce carbon emissions and address climate risks in a targeted manner. Most existing solutions tend to be fragmented, difficult to access and lack the necessary resources to scale, “comments Roberto Ventura, BCG managing director and partner.
More than 60% of global leaders surveyed see reducing and measuring emissions as the greatest value companies can derive from AI. However, there are several ways to use AI to meet climate change goals. One of the most important uses of AI lies in measuring, both at a micro and macro level, in the reduction and removal of emissions and effects of greenhouse gases (Ghg); according to BCG, the use of AI can drive GHG reductions from 5% to 10%, or from 2.6 to 5.3 gigatons of CO2 if applied globally.
Adaptation to climate change is a key issue for policy and public decision makers, as it increases resilience to both the long-term effects of climate change – such as forecasting sea level rise, than with respect to extreme and unforeseen climatic events – such as the forecast of hurricanes or droughts.
Furthermore, AI can be used to support research and the educational need on climate change, helping stakeholders to understand the risks and implications of the same and encouraging them to disseminate and share what they have learned. These efforts act as a fundamental support of the ongoing work of mitigation, adaptation and resilience.
“Artificial Intelligence holds incredible promise in resolving the climate crisis, but on its own it is not enough. It is tied to the willingness of decision makers to implement the necessary changes – supported in part by AI and other emerging technologies, ”comments Damien Gromier, founder of AI for the Planet and co-author of the report.
In the arena of combating climate change, there are a multitude of decisive uses offered by Artificial Intelligence, but each solution must be accessible, offer tangible benefits to users and clear and simple to apply recommendations.