“Artificial intelligence will be one of the themes at the center of next year’s Italian G7 Presidency,” said Giorgia Meloni. The Prime Minister is in London to participate in the final day of the AI Safety Summit, the international conference on artificial intelligence organized by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Rishi Sunak, at Bletchley Park, the estate 80 kilometers from the capital, where scientists and British intelligence cracked the Nazis’ Enigma code. Meloni said that the applications of artificial intelligence “can bring great opportunities in many fields but also enormous risks. Opaque decision-making mechanisms, discrimination, intrusions into our private lives, up to criminal acts, because the LLM-Large Language Models could be used to produce weapons, low-tech biological damage, cyber attacks, facilitate the personalization of phishing”. The prime minister defined the development of artificial intelligence as “the greatest intellectual, practical and anthropological challenge of this era”.
Meloni: for the G7 international conference on AI and work
Meloni announced that during the G7 Italian presidency “an international conference on artificial intelligence and work will be held in Rome, in which we would like scholars, managers and experts from all over the world to participate to discuss methods, initiatives and guidelines to ensure that AI helps and does not replace those who work, instead improving their conditions and prospects”. According to the prime minister, “with the development of artificial intelligence without rules, there is a risk that more and more people will not be needed in the job market, with very serious consequences on the fair distribution of wealth”. For Meloni it is very important that artificial intelligence “does not create an even bigger gap between the rich and the poor. We are particularly concerned about the middle class – he added in his speech -, because the truth is that in the expansion of the gap between wealth and poverty, the middle class, already in difficulty today, risks being erased”. “Our goal – she concluded – is to guarantee artificial intelligence that promotes development and inclusion rather than unemployment and marginalization. It is not an easy challenge, but we are ready as always to do our part without hesitations”.
Meloni: artificial intelligence will impact geopolitical scenarios
“Artificial intelligence is destined to have a marked impact on geopolitical scenarios and current balances, simply because it is a technology that can guarantee those who manage and use it a competitive advantage. Exactly as it happened, and still happens, for other technologies, starting from energy”. This is the meaning of what Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni said in her speech at the morning session of the AI Safety Summit underway in Bletchley Park, near London. “History has taught us that the competition to obtain that advantage and the differences between those who have achieved that advantage and those who are left behind can give rise to tensions, if not outright conflicts”, added Meloni, underlining that there would be “enormous risks” if considered these areas “as free zones without rules”. And so the “number one priority for the next few years” is to make artificial intelligence “human-centered and human-controlled.”
Meloni: we need a regulatory framework for ethical barriers to AI
We need “multilateral governance mechanisms to guarantee ethical barriers to artificial intelligence”, said Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni. The Prime Minister underlined that “this is the spirit of the ‘Rome Call for AI ethics’ hosted in the Vatican in 2020, during which the concept of ‘algorethics’ was born. That is, giving ethics to algorithms” . “We are called to define an adequate regulatory framework if we want to exploit the opportunities that AI can offer us – he added, addressing the other leaders guests at the summit organized by British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak -. It will take many steps and adjustments in the years to come, collaboration with private individuals, but innovation and regulation must go hand in hand. It means that the thing that should worry us most is our slow decision-making in relation to the speed of development of new technologies”.
Meloni: we work hard for Italian AI start-ups
“We are working to complete the National Strategic Plan for AI, we are setting up a specific Fund to support Italian start-ups operating in the sector, we have established committees to study the impact in the various sectors”, says Meloni, underlining that ” artificial intelligence is among the strategic priorities of the Italian government’s agenda.” “We support and collaborate with the European Union towards the approval of the Artificial Intelligence Act, with which the EU has responsibly assumed the task of guaranteeing careful use of public goods and avoiding distorted uses for commercial purposes or, worse, of security” he added, clarifying that AI will be at the center of the Italian presidency of the G7 and that work will be done “on how to promote shared governance, involving both the public and private sectors”. The objective is to develop “ethical guardrails”, as the Prime Minister defined them, that is, “a set of ethical principles to be placed at the basis of the governance of generative AI and related technologies, to be followed in the development, diffusion and use of these technologies, both in the public and private sectors, to ensure that humans remain at the center of our society”.
The Prime Minister landed in the morning at London’s Luton airport, welcomed by the Italian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Inigo Lambertini. Then shortly after midday she arrived at Bletchley Park: British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak welcomed her and the two leaders greeted each other with a hug. Meloni participates in the two working sessions of the summit. In the first, the leaders discuss the vision to be adopted in the next five years, the priorities related to the development of artificial intelligence and the ways in which to articulate international collaboration on the subject, with the aim of analyzing the opportunities and potential risks from this new technology. In the second session, the representatives of the 28 participating countries discuss with those of large digital companies, industry, civil society and sector experts on the practical and operational methods of safe and attentive development of the economic and social systems of the AI.