Autonomy, “does not divide the country but aims to recover the North-South gap”: the draft

The report accompanying the text: “Equalisation fund for all regions, this is how Italy grows”

“Differentiated autonomy can represent a turning point with respect to the constraints that currently prevent the full satisfaction of rights at the territorial level and the enhancement of the potential of territorial autonomies”. This is what we read in the Report accompanying the bill on differentiated autonomy, unanimously approved today by the CDM and we read in the text arrived in the CDM and viewed by Adnkronos.

“With differentiated autonomy you don’t want to divide the countrynor favor regions that already travel at a different speed than the weaker areas of Italy. The hope is that everyone will increase speed: both the areas of the country that have autonomy can accelerate and those that can finally grow”, the text continues. “To this end, the equalization fund provided for by article 119 , third paragraph, of the Constitution, must also be used by regions that do not request differentiated autonomy. This is how Italy grows“.

Funding – “As regards the financing of differentiated autonomy, the task of identifying the resources necessary for differentiated autonomy is referred to a Joint State-Region Commission”, reads the Report. “In the project – it is also specified – it was necessary to adopt solutions (such as, for example, the sharing of taxes or tax revenues) that are commensurate with the greater expenditure that the Regions concerned will have to bear”.

Chambers role – “The present bill, following an investigative work with the prior involvement of the Conference of Regions, is subject to the opinion of the Joint Conference and has as its guiding principle the need to share with Parliament the most important decisions to make effective asymmetric regionalism”, reads the Report.

“This need is already manifested in the very choice to entrust to an ordinary law of Parliament the task of generally implementing the constitutional provisions on differentiated autonomy. In this way – we read again – the initiatives that each interested Region will take from time to once submitted to the Government and Parliament will be accompanied by the formalities that the legislator will have deemed necessary.Always on the role of Parliament, in the face of the constitutional text which limits itself to referring only to the law approving an already concluded agreement, the idea of fund is to enhance the involvement of the Chambers from the preliminary phase of the agreement schemes which will be examined by the competent parliamentary bodies, which will be able to express themselves with address documents within sixty days, according to the regulations of each Chamber”.

“The system, therefore – the Report points out – is outlined in such a way that, when the text of the bill approving the agreement reaches the Chambers, they will have already had the opportunity to carry out a careful and adequate examination, ruling on the scheme of preliminary agreement, allowing the Government and the Regions, which sign the agreement, to know in advance the indications of the Parliament, whose substantial role is recognized”.

Municipalities and Provinces – Article 6 of the bill on autonomy “provides that the functions transferred to the Region in implementation of article 116, third paragraph, of the Constitution – explains the Report – can be attributed to Municipalities, Provinces and Metropolitan Cities by the same Region , in compliance with article 118 of the Constitution, together with the relative human, instrumental and financial resources. The fundamental functions of the local authorities remain unchanged, with the connected resources, in the terms set out in the legislation in force”.

The P (Essential levels in services, ed) – “As regards the determination of Lep in matters that may be subject to differentiated autonomy, the budget law for the year 2023 (Law No. 197 of 29 December 2022, article 1, paragraphs from 791 to 801) has set up a Control Room, made up of all the competent ministers. This will have to carry out a survey of the regulatory framework in relation to each state administrative function and the ordinary Regions, with subsequent identification of the subjects or areas of subjects that refer to the essential levels of services concerning civil and social rights which must be guaranteed throughout the national territory”. This is stated in the draft of the explanatory report on the autonomy bill approved by the Council of Ministers.

“The survey will have to extend to the historical expenditure of a permanent nature of the last three years, supported by the State in the territory of each Region, for each of its administrative functions, with subsequent determination of the essential levels of services and costs and standard needs in the matters referred to in cited constitutional provision, on the basis of the technical hypotheses formulated by the Technical Commission for standard requirements.At the end of this process, within a year, the control room will prepare one or more decrees of the President of the Council of Ministers containing, also separately among the 23 materials, the determination of the Lep and the related costs and standard needs”, reads the draft.