Autonomy, Follini: “Reform pushed by a minority”

Marco Follini’s point of view for Adnkronos

“The territorial question is a bit hidden. That is, that of the double divide between center and periphery and between north and south. It is hidden, yet it is crucial. It will be on the autonomy of the regions that will in fact be played out in the coming months and years profile of the country, its character, its balance.

Apparently our daily political confrontation always oscillates between drama and frivolity. On even days, irons cross over the premiership, and the majority and the opposition face each other in a duel that calls into question the institutional structure that has governed us for about seventy years now. On odd days, as if to seek relief from the bitterness of that dispute, we instead slip into much less demanding topics and it happens that even the Sanremo festival gives rise to another piece of political confrontation.

Curiously, however, on the topic posed by the northern regions that claim looser reins for their operations, there is a sort of reluctance to enter into the topic. Partly because the topic doesn’t seem so exciting to most people. And partly because for years and years it has been carried out with a sort of instrumentality in which almost everyone has ended up participating. Everyone agrees on the principle of autonomy. Everyone more or less disagrees on how to implement it. And from one year to the next, from one legislature to another, it happens that everyone ultimately finds themselves more or less at odds with themselves.

It’s a long, long story. In his time the regions were wanted by the Christian Democrats and opposed by the communists. But then the script flipped. And the parties of the centrist majorities, centered on the DC, did their best to delay the establishment of regional bodies so as not to give their opponents the opportunity to govern those territories of central Italy where the numbers greatly favored the opposition forces. He only came to terms with it at the end of the sixties, and from there another challenge began. Until, after another twenty years, the Northern League began to assert itself in the northern districts. And at that point, however, there was another round of waltzes. Because the center-right proclaimed itself federalist without believing in it much, for the sole purpose of enticing Bossi to take its side. And the centre-left in turn also revealed itself to be federalist with the opposite intention of snatching Bossi himself from the opposing camp.

There is no denying that some of the protagonists of those seasons really believed, with noble intent, the slogans they uttered. But the fact remains that most of those words had something else in mind. That is, the way to conquer and perhaps consolidate a very Roman government alliance. A question to which both parties dedicated themselves with a certain degree of mutual instrumentality.

Now, however, it seems that the blank firing season is coming to an end. And if Calderoli’s project were to be successful as it was outlined, it is clear that it would change the geopolitical landscape of our country. Since at that point the regions would have much more conspicuous powers than they once did. And since they could even activate those cooperation mechanisms between them which, pushed to their most extreme limits, would end up bordering on some form of involuntary secession – even if unwanted, or not at all.

Naturally it will be said that there are many ways to start this journey. And it is easy to foresee that both Meloni and the Pd will be the ones to slow down from the most extreme tendencies. One due to the nationalist principle that inspired her political action since she was a girl. The other in the name of that sort of party of the nation (copyright Alfredo Reichlin) to which most of her leadership has always looked. It is to be hoped that this dual braking action will avoid too impetuous accelerations on the part of the most extreme supporters of autonomy.

The somewhat paradoxical fact remains that a reform is being launched that most political forces are secretly against. A reform pushed by a minority that everyone has courted since the dawn of the second republic. A minority that now feels it has the right and reason to ask to move from words to deeds.”

(by Marco Follini)