The largest part is destined for public works
The budget law for 2023 has allocated a total of 35 billion euros. But how many of these resources will be managed directly by Local societies? According to what emerged from a research conducted by the Centro Studi Enti Locali, for Adnkronos, the treasure reserved for Municipalities and Metropolitan Cities from the first maneuver launched by the Meloni Government amounts to about 1.6 billion, about 600 million less than the amount allocated by the budget law of the previous year. A figure destined to grow, at least on paper, starting from 2025.
The commitments undertaken to date for 2024 – subject to subsequent reformulations – amount to approximately 1.6 billion and are therefore in line with the current year. For 2025, on the other hand, the estimated figure is, at present, equal to approximately 2.2 billion, while in 2026 and 2027 the ceiling of 3 billion is expected to be exceeded again, closely linked to the endowment of the fund for undeferrable works, thought to put the public works crucial for the revitalization of the country – first of all those financed by the Pnrr – sheltered from the threats posed by expensive materials and increased energy costs.
But what will be financed by these resources that the maneuver has reserved for Italian municipalities and metropolitan cities? Here, in detail, i various expenditure items analyzed by Csel.
– Public Works. The most significant expenditure item, which is worth over half a billion in 2023, is that of public works. These are largely intended to secure the much more substantial resources provided for by the Pnrr. To deal with the exceptional increases in energy, building materials and fuel prices recorded following the update, for the year 2023, of the regional price lists and in relation to the procedures for awarding public works that will be launched in 2023 , the endowment of the Fund for the start-up of works that cannot be postponed is increased by 500 million euros for 2023, by one billion for 2024, by 2 billion for 2015, by 3 billion for 2026 and by 3.5 billion for 2027.
Thanks to these resources it will be possible to pre-assign to all the Municipalities that have projects financed by the Pnrr or by the complementary fund, and which will start the procedures for assigning works in the current year, a contribution calculated at 10% of the amount assigned to them in the first instance. A further 60 million for the year that has just begun (and 110 for the next) have also been allocated overall to finance the planning and specialist technical assistance in favor of municipalities with less than 10 thousand inhabitants who are the implementers of Pnrr interventions.
– Dear energy. Also for local authorities, as well as for many categories of the entrepreneurial world and the third sector, the item dear energy is not missing. To guarantee the continuity of the services provided, despite the substantial increases in energy and gas costs, an extraordinary contribution of 400 million has been recognized to local authorities in 2023. Of this, 350 million is reserved for Municipalities and 50 million for Metropolitan Cities and Provinces.
– Entities affected by natural disasters. Also conspicuous are the resources reserved for Municipalities that have been hit, in recent years, by earthquakes or exceptional meteorological events. Overall, among the entities that suffered the effects of the 2009 Abruzzo earthquake, those of the crater in Central Italy (2016), the earthquake-affected Municipalities of Emilia-Romagna (2012) and those of Molise and Sicily (2018), the Municipality of Maratea (for the calamitous events of the months of October and November 2022) and the Marche territories affected by the exceptional meteorological events recorded starting from 15 September last, just under 350 million have been allocated for 2023, over 220 million for 2024, 118 .5 for 2025, 100 million for 2026 and 50 million for 2027. These will be used, among other things, to build the 2009 (Abruzzo) and 2016 (Central Italy) seismic crater areas on the state roads. For this purpose, a total expenditure of 400 million has been authorized for the period 2023-2027, of which 50 million for the years 2023 and 2027 and 100 million for the other years for the implementation of interventions.
– Transportation. The local public transport item has a specific weight, in the 2022 Budget Law, which exceeds 150 million euros. The most substantial commitment is represented by the refinancing, for 100 million in 2023 and 250 in 2024, of the Fund for supporting local public transport. This fund was set up to compensate for lower fare revenues linked to the reduction in the number of passengers who used public transport due to the pandemic. Another two million this year and four for each of the following two years will instead go to make up the endowment of a new fund, designed to finance the construction of new cycle paths and support infrastructures in connection with local and railway public transport networks, carried out by Municipalities, by metropolitan cities and by Unions of Municipalities.
Lastly, the appropriations earmarked for the completion of line C of the Rome underground are enormous. The completion of the T2 section, the construction of the T1 section and the contractual adjustment of the higher costs incurred for the works on the T3 section, will cost the Italians a good 2.2 billion euros between now and 2032. These are distributed over time as follows: 50 million euros in 2023, 2024 and 2025, 100 million euros for each of the years 2026 and 2027, 200 million euros in 2028 and 2029, 500 million euros in the years 2030 and 2031 and 450 million euros in 2032. The disbursement is subject to the presentation by 28 February 2023, by the Extraordinary Commissioner, of an updated picture of the progress of the work and a procedural and financial timetable.
– Safety. On the other hand, the expenditure chapter relating to safety weighs around 19 million euros. The budget law has allocated 15 million, for each of the years 2023, 2024 and 2025, for the installation, by the Municipalities, of video surveillance systems. A fund was also set up, with a budget of 4 million for each of the years 2023, 2024 and 2025, to finance the installation and maintenance of technologically advanced surveillance systems, equipped with video analysis software, for active monitoring by sending of automatic alarms to central offices of the police forces or affiliated private security institutes, aimed at repressing crime phenomena and controlling the territory. Municipalities will be able to access according to criteria yet to be fixed but which will have to take into account the criminality index of the territory and the incidence of widespread crime phenomena in the urban area to be subjected to video surveillance.
– Tourism. On the other hand, the resources attributable to tourism in the current year amount to 15 million euros. The bulk (10 million, destined to rise to 12 in the following two years), will flow into the new fund for small municipalities with a tourist vocation, designed to finance projects for the enhancement of municipalities with less than 5,000 inhabitants classified as a tourist vocation by Istat. The goal is to encourage innovative interventions of accessibility, mobility, urban regeneration and environmental sustainability. The remaining 5 million for the year 2023 (and 10 million euros for each of the years 2024 and 2025) will instead go to enhance the interventions aimed at promoting ecotourism and sustainable tourism through the newly established Fund for sustainable tourism. The resources will be used to promote forms of sustainable tourism, create innovative tourist itineraries, de-seasonalize tourism, promote intermodal tourism and support accommodation facilities and tourist businesses in obtaining sustainability certifications.
– Environment. In order to contain the production of plastic waste through the use of eco-compactors, the refinancing of the fund called ‘Mangiaplastica experimental program’ has been envisaged, for an amount of six million euros for the year 2023 and 8 million for 2024. These are substantially the only resources of the environment chapter that will be managed directly by the Municipalities in the current period. For the two-year period 2024-2025, however, another 11 million (5.5 per year) have been allocated to finance the ‘Bici in Comune’ project, aimed at promoting cycle tourism and cycling as a tool for a healthy and active lifestyle.
– Social. To promote the social inclusion of people with disabilities and counter the phenomena of marginalization in the peripheral areas of large cities, the maneuver established the ‘Fund for inclusive suburbs’, which for the year that has just begun has a financial allocation of 10 million euros. This money is reserved for municipalities with more than 300,000 inhabitants and aims to finance projects that favor the social inclusion of people with disabilities in the suburbs and the improvement of their level of autonomy. Finally, also in the welfare area, the establishment of the food income experimentation fund should be mentioned, which has an endowment of 1.5 million for 2023 and two million starting from next year. These resources will finance the experimentation of the so-called ‘food income’ in metropolitan cities: in essence, they will make it possible to supply subjects in conditions of absolute poverty with food parcels made with unsold food distribution, to be booked using an application and collected at a center of distribution or at one’s home in the case of subjects belonging to fragile categories.
– Immigration. The financial maneuver has allocated a total of 1 million and 150 thousand euros to the Sicilian municipalities on the front line on the landing front. Most of these will flow into the coffers of the Municipality of Lampedusa and Linosa which has been granted an extraordinary contribution of 850,000 euros. The remaining 300 thousand will instead go to the Municipalities of Porto Empedocle, Pozzallo, Caltanissetta, Messina, Siculiana, Augusta, Pantelleria and Trapani.
– Legality and protection of local administrators who are victims of intimidation. The endowment of the fund for legality and for the protection of local administrators who are victims of acts of intimidation has also increased. To allow the affected administrations to adopt initiatives for the promotion of legality in their territories, reinforce the measures to restore the assets of the institution and for local administrators who have suffered episodes of intimidation connected to the exercise of the institutional functions exercised, a , starting from 2023, one million euros more per year.
– Various. Increases have also been arranged regarding: the municipal solidarity fund (plus 100 million for the current year) and the fund to support entities in structural deficit due to socio-economic characteristics of the community and the territory (plus 2 million from be allocated to municipalities with a population of up to 35,000 inhabitants whose ten-year ‘financial rebalancing plan’ has been approved by the Court of Auditors for the year 2014).
The establishment of decentralization districts in the capital municipalities of metropolitan cities with fewer than 250,000 inhabitants will cost Italians 100 million this year and 600 million for the next two years.
Finally, substantial contributions have been provided for the Municipalities of the Metropolitan Cities of the Sicily Region to allow these realities to improve their ability to collect their income. The sums are reserved for those metropolitan cities that have an incidence of the bad debt fund set aside in the administrative result for the 2021 financial year greater than 80% of the residual assets of Title I and III entered in the balance sheet, which may reach up to 40 million euros overall.