Casellati meets parties on reforms, awaits Government proposal

Minister announces pause for reflection. ‘I hope dialogue opposition’. On the table presidentialism, premiership and constructive mistrust.

Presidentialism, premiership, constructive mistrust. Meeting the minister for the Reforms, Elizabeth Casellatialliances and parties reaffirm their starting points and in any case a willingness to dialogue, waiting for the Government and the majority to put their proposals on the table and the confrontation to become more lively.

“I thank everyone -said the former president of the Senate at the end of his consultations- because everyone’s interventions have enriched and broadened my field of investigation. Today I draw the line, then I take a very short period of reflection to analyze all the proposals that have been elaborated. I will give further information on the program that I am going to draw up with the majority and, I hope, always, with the participation of an opposition in dialogue”. With the premier Giorgia Meloni he will take stock “I think next week”.

Naturally, it is understandable how much the dialogue can continue and lead to solutions that are widely shared or that can involve at least a part of the opposition, given that, for example, the no to the direct election of the Head of State in the Third Pole is accompanied by an openness to the premiership, with a choice therefore of the Prime Minister by the electors.

Berlusconi, ‘direct election of Head of State for us historic battle’

Stop on presidentialism for now the centre-right, with the Brothers of Italy, Lega and Forza Italia. “For us it is a historic battle – he claims Silvio Berlusconi– which was proposed by me in a speech to Parliament already in 1995. Today we finally have the possibility of approving a draft reform of our institutions in a presidential sense”.

“We – he replies from the Third Pole Charles Calenda– we are sharply against and unavailable on presidentialism for the very simple reason that the President of the Republic it is the only institution that enjoys the trust of citizens in Italy, because it represents the unity of the nation”. Better “a Prime Minister with stronger powers, too directly elected with an electoral law that can be in two rounds, like that of the mayors or even proportional, with a coalition prime minister”.

“The figure of the prime minister voted by the people” also convinces linguistic minorities, while the Pd appears skeptical both on presidentialism and on the premiership, aiming at a reform “of the current equal bicameralism, rationalizing the Parliament-Government relationship, also through the introduction of the constructive mistrust and the increase of the Prime Minister’s powers both within the Government and within the legislative process”. While for the Green-Left Alliance “only with a strengthening of Parliament” can it “rebuild that climate of trust and closeness to the institutions that seems to have failed in the country”.

Conte, ‘no to transplants from other systems’

“The problem of governments that take turns and do not guarantee stability exists”, admits the M5S leader Joseph Conte“as there is the problem of making Parliament’s legislative activity even more effective. These are two directions of reform on which action must be taken. But transplanting other systems from scratch and experimenting with them here seems adventurous to us. We are to guarantee greater stability to the executive and make Parliament’s action more effective”.

Basically, everyone agrees on the need to proceed with institutional reforms, but still many distances on the merits. However “the history of this country – warns Maurizio Lupi, of Us Moderates – demonstrates that the reforms carried out by the majority do not have a positive outcome. The method must be that of dialogue with the opposition and therefore we are in favor of a bicameral or for any instrument that can see a moment of confrontation between the majority and the opposition”.

The path followed up to now by the minister Box yourself, which now, together with the Government, will have to identify the road map in order not to interrupt and continue the journey. “It has been very positive to use this method, I have seen great interest – the minister continues – Let’s see if, by making some considerations, we can find some common points as broad as possible, perhaps we will not be able to find a totality, I don’t think “. But “I’m never in favor of closing the doors, the doors must be opened. Let’s hope there is reciprocity. Let’s see if I have to do more in depth”.