Professor of Economics at Harvard University, born in 1946, the American economist was awarded for her studies on the gender gap. “For advancing our understanding of women’s labor market outcomes,” she reads in the citations of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
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The winner of the 2023 Nobel Prize in Economics is Claudia Goldin, professor of Economics at Harvard University. The American economist was awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for her studies on the gender gap. The prestigious prize, formally known as the “Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences” in memory of Alfred Nobel, is the last of this year’s Nobel prizes and is worth
11 million SEK.
The reasons for the Nobel Prize for Goldin
The award to the American historian and economist, born in 1946, was awarded with this motivation: “For having advanced our understanding of the outcomes of the female labor market”. Goldin, we read in the motivations, discovered the key factors of gender differences in the labor market. The economist is co-director of the NBER’s Gender in the Economy Study Group and was director of the NBER’s Development of the American Economy program from 1989 to 2017. Goldin is the third woman to win the prestigious Award after the American political scientist and scientist Elinor Ostrom in 2009 and Esther Duflo (together with Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer) in 2019.
Who is Claudia Goldin
Claudia Goldin, American born in 1946, is an economic historian and labor economist. Goldin teaches Economics at Harvard University and is the first woman offered tenure in that department. She is co-director of the Gender in the Economy Study Group of the National Bureau of Economic Research and was director of the NBER’s Development of the American Economy program from 1989 to 2017. Born in New York, she grew up in the Bronx. As a child she was determined to become an archaeologist, but later she was attracted to bacteriology. After earning her bachelor’s degree in economics from Cornell, Goldin entered the University of Chicago’s economics doctoral program with the intention of studying industrial organization. After graduation, you taught at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Princeton University, and the University of Pennsylvania before joining the Economics department at Harvard University in 1990. The American scholar was president of the American Economic Association in 2013/2014 and president of the Economic History Association in 1999/2000. She is a member of numerous organizations, including the American Academy of Political and Social Science, the Society of Labor Economists, the Econometric Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is also a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
Claudia Goldin’s research
Goldin has received several honorary doctorates, including from the University of Nebraska, Lund University, the European University Institute, the University of Zurich, Dartmouth College, and the University of Rochester. She then served as editor of the Journal of Economic History from 1984 to 1988 and editor of the NBER Long-term Factors in Economic Development Monograph Series from 1990 to 2017. Goldin’s research covers a wide range of topics, including the female workforce, the gender gap in earnings, income inequality, technological change, education and immigration. Most of her investigations interpret the present through the lens of the past and explore the origins of current problems.
She is the author and editor of numerous books, including Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American Women (Oxford 1990), The Regulated Economy: A Historical Approach to Political Economy (with G. Libecap; University of Chicago Press 1994), The Defining Moment: The Great Depression and the American Economy in the Twentieth Century (with M. Bordo and E. White; University of Chicago Press 1998), Corruption and Reform: Lesson’s from America’s Economic History (with E. Glaeser; Chicago 2006) e Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages (with L. Katz; Chicago 2018). His book The Race between Education and Technology (with L. Katz; Belknap Press, 2008, 2010) was the winner of the 2008 R.R. Hawkins Award for the most outstanding scholarly work in all disciplines of the Arts and Sciences. One of his most recent works, Career & Family: Women’s Century-Long Journey toward Equity (Princeton University Press) was published in October 2021.
The best known works
As mentioned, Goldin is best known for her landmark work on women in the US economy. Her most influential studies in this area have covered the history of women’s pursuit of career and family, coeducation in higher education, the impact of the “pill” on women’s career and marriage decisions, the surnames of women after marriage as a social indicator, the reasons why women are now the majority of university students and the new life cycle of women’s employment.