Eni announced that CFS (Commonwealth Fusion Systems), owned by the Italian group as the largest shareholder and by MIT of Boston, has successfully conducted the first test of a supermagnete that should contain and manage the nuclear fusion of deuterium and tritium . In other words, it is a form of clean atomic energy, which reproduces what happens in the stars and the Sun, capable of providing almost unlimited electricity, without greenhouse gases and with very little radioactive waste. In practice, the solution to all decarbonisation problems.
First experimental reactor by 2025
CFS plans to build the first experimental reactor by 2025 and to produce energy for the grid as early as the next decade. If the operation were successful (but it is not obvious), the world would have clean electricity at will, without CO2 emissions, to power electric motor vehicles and produce green hydrogen to decarbonise industrial production. The end result, if hit, would lead to a collapse in climate-altering emissions and a halt to global warming.
How the test was conducted
The test successfully conducted in the United States, at the Plasma Science and Fusion Center of the MIT in Boston, involved the use of new generation electromagnets, which form a “donut” called “tokamak”. This contains and manages the plasma, which is a mixture of deuterium and tritium brought to very high temperatures (up to 100 million degrees) by beams of electromagnetic waves. The test demonstrated the possibility of ensuring the initiation and control of the fusion. The latter has so far only been obtained in an uncontrolled form, in hydrogen bombs.
The other experimental projects in the world
Eni and its American partners are not the only ones working on nuclear fusion, the clean atom that imitates the Sun. In the south of France, in Cadarache in Provence, an experimental reactor, the ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) is under construction. . An international project involving the EU, Russia, China, Japan, the USA, India and South Korea (for Italy there is Ansaldo Energia). ITER plans to “turn on” the reactor in 2025 or 2026, with the production of the first plasma, and start the first real fusion with tritium in 2035. However, the plant is not designed to produce electricity, but only to experiment with technologies, in view of the construction of new reactors.