Climate, report on the State of the Green Economy: “More emissions and delay on renewables”

Presented at Ecomondo by the National Council of the Green Economy, made up of 68 business organisations

From 2015 to 2022, net greenhouse gas emissions were reduced by only 4%, and from 2019 to 2022 they increased by 2%. The reduction in emissions underway in the first part of 2023, for climate reasons and the slowdown of the economy, is not enough to align us with the acceleration required by the European targets. It is the photograph of Italy’s green economy contained in the Report on the State of the Green Economy presented at the opening of the States General of the Green Economy 2023, the green summit organized at Ecomondo by the National Council of the Green Economy, made up of 68 business organisations, in collaboration with Mase and the Foundation for Sustainable Development, dedicated this year to ‘The economy of tomorrow: a decarbonised, circular and regenerative green economy’.

In 2022, renewable energy decreased from 21% in 2021 to 19% of demand: the trend is very far from the target of 40% in 2030. In 2022, renewable electricity fell from 41% in 2021 to 35.6% of demand . In 2022, 3 GW of new renewable electricity plants were installed: an increase compared to the very low average of recent years, but with the increase underway, Italy is still far from the 10-12 GW of new renewables per year which would be needed to catch up with the European targets for 2030 and behind the other large European countries: in 2022, in fact, France installed 5 GW, Poland 6 GW, Spain 9 GW and Germany 11 GW of new photovoltaic and wind systems. In transport, in 2022, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions increased by approximately 5%.