Competition, criticism from the EU on the beaches

Brussels warns: Italy must comply with EU rules on bathing concessions. The government approved the bill which aims to liberalize many economic sectors but took time on permits for establishments and licenses for street vendors: mapping to understand the situation and, for now, no tenders

Stimulating competition can mean jeopardizing sometimes unjustified annuities or no longer in step with the times. Also for this reason changing the rules in this matter creates tensions between the parties and in the end some chapters foreseen in the competition reform have been postponed.

This is the case with the licenses for street vendors and concessions for the beaches. The government has made a commitment to draw up a mapping of these and other permits (such as mineral and terminal waters) within a few months, to understand who has them in hand, how long and how much money has been reaching the state. The rents are often very low, with striking cases: there are managers of bathing establishments who in a year pay less to the tax authorities than they collect in a day to rent two sunbeds and an umbrella.

For the time being, therefore, these sectors will not be open to competition. And by the European Commission it is a recall arrived, so that our country remembers that it must adapt to EU regulations and, consequently, prepare the tenders to give the coasts under concession.

In other sectors, the reform promises to march at a faster pace. The provision, launched under the Recovery Fund (it is, therefore, a commitment made with Europe), has not only the objective of giving a boost to economic growth, but also that of increasing the quality, prices and efficiency of many things we do every day.

For instance: it will be easier to find an equivalent medicine at the pharmacy (ie less expensive than a branded one) or to obtain compensation from our insurance when we hit the car (in fact, direct compensation is extended).

The municipalities are then incentivized to resort to the market for their services (as for local transport): in practice there is a push not to entrust them automatically, as now, to the companies of the Municipality itself. Therefore, the aim is to involve private individuals more, with public tenders.

This, after all, is the key to reading this bill (which as such will be implemented with a series of specific rules). The openings will cover different areas, including the distribution of gas, the management of ports and waste, the installation of electric columns for cars and there will be fewer constraints for realities like those of Uber, which already make taxi drivers protest.