Compost and biomethane, 4 CIC proposals for the new government

The Italian Composting Consortium, to promote and structure the organic waste collection and recycling system throughout the Italian territory

Promote and structure the organic waste collection and recycling system throughout the Italian territory and align the principles of the National Waste Management Program (Pngr) with the actions of the Pnrr. These are the requests that the Cic, the Italian Composting Consortium addresses to the new Government during the 24th national conference on composting and anaerobic digestion hosted by the 25th edition of Ecomondo, the International Fair on Green and Circular Economy underway in Rimini.

The Cic, which this year celebrates its 30 years of activity with the motto “From the earth to the earth”, took stock of the collection and recycling of organic waste in Europe and Italy and relaunched some crucial issues, considering the key moment of the organic recycling system in Italy and its importance: the biowaste supply chain is able to produce renewable fertilizer from organic waste such as compost and fuel sustainable like biomethane.

In particular, the new president of the Cic Lella Miccolis, on the occasion of the constitution of the new government, reiterated the requests that the Consortium addresses to the institutions so that biowaste remains a fundamental supply chain for the circular economy of Italy.

These are the four proposals that the consortium addresses to the new executive. First: to support the recovery of matter from any compostable organic waste, promoting the centrality of organic fertilizers and carbon in the soil. From the transformation of waste into an organic matrix, in 2020 approximately 2.2 million tons of compost were obtained, a natural fertilizer that can return to the earth and revitalize the soil. Considering that the soil is a non-renewable resource, it is very urgent to envisage regulatory interventions that support organizations, entrepreneurs and associations to implement regenerative practices aimed at arresting its degradation and loss of fertility, bringing organic matter back into the soil, to make it more resilient. and fertile and to contribute to the decarbonisation of the atmosphere by absorbing carbon.

Second: to give greater impetus to the amount of organic waste collected separately. In some geographic areas, the obligation of 1 January 2022 has not yet been implemented. With separate waste collection in full operation throughout Italy and considering the overall trend of the resident population, according to the CIC estimates, the country could produce in 2025 more than 9 million tons of organic fraction per year, bringing the biowaste sector to 13,000 employees, generating about 2.5 billion euros in related activities.

Third: the CIC asks for support in monitoring the quality of organic waste collected and delivered to treatment plants. Only in this way will it be possible to improve the quality of the compost produced from organic waste, as well as significantly reduce the production of waste that the plants are obliged to send for disposal at third party sites. This also implies investing in terms of awareness and information, to make consumers more aware and attentive to separate collection.

Fourth: in relation to satisfying plant requirements and improving the capacity for efficient and sustainable management of organic waste, according to the CIC it is essential to align the principles of the Pngr, which intends to provide a guiding tool for the Regions and autonomous provinces in planning and waste management, with the actions envisaged by the NRP for the financing of projects relating to plant engineering and those already underway in the Arera, with the application of the regulation of treatment plants.

“It is necessary to align the interventions of Pngr, Pnrr and Arera to avoid that, in the absence of coherent coordination, plant overcapacity and territorial overlapping are generated”, underlines the president of the Cic, Lella Miccolis.

Meanwhile, an important step is represented by the publication in the Official Gazette of the new biomethane Decree, for the construction of new plants and the conversion of agricultural biogas plants. Since 2017, the year in which the first plant associated with the CIC introduced the first cubic meters of biomethane into the network, the situation has rapidly evolved: from the transformation of waste into an organic matrix, 370 million cubic meters of biogas were obtained in 2020 .