In the first round of meetings with the political forces, the ‘no’, the openings and the prejudices of the opposition weigh
Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni clarified it on the eve: the constitutional reforms will be carried out with or without the opposition. Sharing where possible, but the determination to do what needs to be done. This premise was also reaffirmed during the first round of discussions with the political forces, speaking of the need to counter instability.
The answers that have come from the opposition are varied: there are the ‘no’, the openings and the preliminary rulings.
Elly Schlein, for the Democratic Party, asks for a real confrontation and not a path that has already been addressed.
“If the objective is to strengthen the efficiency of the institutions, stability and also representation, because for us these two things must go together, strengthening stability and representation, we clearly do not shy away from the comparison. We will examine the proposals on the merits, without prejudices, certainly what goes in the direction of improving representation and improving stability, we will look at it carefully. What we do not want and to which we do not lend ourselves is the weakening of the checks and balances provided for by the Constitution. Thus just as the institution of the President of the Republic is not in question, and for us it is not touched upon, which is the one that even in the recent history of our country has demonstrated the greatest effectiveness, as a guarantee of stability even in the most difficult moments, and also as a guarantee of international credibility of Italy”.
The leader of the Five Star Movement, Giuseppe Conte, opens an ad hoc commission to address the issue, but says no to reforms with majority blows.
“We shared a diagnosis on some critical issues of our system. We recognize these critical issues starting from the problem of the instability of the executives. We are absolutely aware that this is a problem that we should solve, as is also a problem of guaranteeing Parliament a more functional. The theme is that, at least from this first meeting, sharing instead of solutions did not come out. We are therefore certainly in favor of solutions that guarantee greater stability and we are also open to strengthening the powers of the prime minister, the authorities of government, but in a framework that remains balanced overall. What does it mean? A framework that does not mortify the parliamentary model, the parliamentary function which is very useful for guaranteeing inclusiveness and favoring the settlement of conflicts. And then that does not even mortify, and this is very important to us, the function of the President of the Republic who has a guarantee position in our legal system”.
Carlo Calenda is in favor of the ‘Mayor of Italy’ and offers the collaboration of Action.
“I’ll say right away that we are available to collaborate, we are available to collaborate for the obvious reason that, as is known, we too have tried to embark on a path of reform. Not only that, but we share the need for greater government stability. We share the need to have greater efficiency of the overall state apparatus, which is not only the central government, but also the local authorities.For this reason we have tried to define the perimeter within which a collaboration is possible.For us there is an absolute red line which is the figure of guarantee, national unity, guarantees on the Constitution of the President of the Republic. The President of the Republic in a country divided on everything is the only institution that truly guarantees unity. Go and touch it and politicize it in our opinion it is an error, it would be a very, very serious error. For us this is truly a red line. We said as per the electoral program that we, on the other hand, are in favor of the indication of the Prime Minister, in a range that obviously goes from election, which is the proposal we made with the famous ‘Mayor of Italy’ as an indication of the Prime Minister, as happens in other countries”.
The synthesis is made, at the end of the round of consultations, by Giorgia Meloni outlining the choice of an Italian model.
“On the basis of this interlocution and the positions that have been expressed by the very varied opposition parties, passing from delegation to delegation, we are now trying to develop our own proposal that can take into consideration the assessments that have been made. It seems to me that upstream there is a fairly transversal closure, clearer on presidential or semi-presidential model systems and that instead the evaluation is more varied in the hypothesis of a direct election of the prime minister.We, as we have always said, are not fall in love with a specific system. There are many systems that can be taken as examples in other democracies and there is also the possibility of imagining a model that is an Italian model”.
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