Guest at e-VENTI, the Minister of Ecological Transition spoke about the results of Cop26 in Glasgow. From the great absence of Russia and China to the importance of having found an agreement on 1.5 ° to be respected as a limit to the temperature. Up to the new technologies that study nuclear power and which could be a way to accelerate the transition: “We must be ready for the challenge of 2040. Until 2030 we have a plan that needs to be improved every day, but we know what to do”
“The greatest result of this COP26 is the enormous interest of private capital in this enormous challenge, because we have understood that climate change can only be fought together”. This is said by the Minister of Ecological Transition, Roberto Cingolani, guest at e-VENTI on Sky TG24 (THE INTEGRAL INTERVIEW). “Great leaders such as Russia and China have been missed and the news of Indian Prime Minister Modi on the reduction of the country’s emissions in 2070, 20 years behind the 2050 target, was disappointing”. The fight for the climate still said is “a fact of global justice”.
“Developing countries suffer from more climate crises”
At the moment the figure destined for the poorest countries to face the costs of the ecological transition “is worryingly close to that of last year, there is about a billion and something more, only Italy has had the capacity to put 830 million in addition “, Cingolani reports.” “I don’t think – he added – it is a very good signal, but the economies come out battered from the Covid period and in some ways it is understandable”. The G20 has allocated a fund of 100 billion per year to helping poor countries to tackle climate change. “But in addition to being a question of money, we are talking about social justice and it is a very important issue”, underlines the minister. “Developing countries suffer more from climate crises, there are about 3 billion people exposed to risks due to natural disasters “, explains CIngolani.” Western countries are more resilient because we have more means to fight climate crises and the damage they cause: it is our responsibility to support re other parts of the world “.
“There is no book to study, the project needs to be improved day by day”
Cingolani responded to the criticisms made by various climate activists at COP26, highlighting how historical results have been achieved in a few months. “A year ago it was impossible to think that countries agreed on the 2 ° limit to limit global warming. The fact that we now agree on 1.5 is a great result, ”he explains. “Many have made a huge effort in trying to imagine how to change a global model that has been ingrained in our society for centuries. There are no easy solutions: we must also consider that millions of jobs are at stake in this transition ”, the minister recalls. “There is no book to study, the project needs to be improved every day. It is too easy to pretend that there is a ready and effective plan for the next 30 years, because a lot will depend on the technologies we have at our disposal ”. For this we must “have the strength to undertake changes”, trying to imagine “the support that technology can give us”.
“The challenge will be after 2030: think about a new nuclear”
Regarding the possibility of introducing nuclear power as an alternative energy source to coal and gas, Cingolani clarified that the technology is constantly developing. “We have a very clear referendum that says we don’t want ‘Chernobyl-style’ nuclear power. But technology is moving and operating on different paths, ”he explained. “We need to study whether they will be cost-effective, safe and whether they can accelerate the transition. The European Commission says technological neutrality is needed. The most important thing is to have the ability to develop these technologies because they could make the way easier for us ”.
“Climate change is more dangerous than Covid”
The minister made a comparison between the Covid-19 pandemic and climate change: “Let’s think about what the world has managed to do in 18 months with the vaccine. Climate change is a much greater danger than Covid: there is a need for joint, quick and effective action “. Cingolani explains that the real challenge will be starting in the years after 2030. “Until then we know what to do. The following decades will be fundamental to accelerate the transition: Italy will have to arrive ready for that appointment. There can be many solutions, from the nuclear reactor to the new developments of renewable sources. We need to know and do research to innovate and develop “.
Price increases in the bill: “Dear gas, global problem”
“For two consecutive quarters we have had a rise in the cost of gas due to a global situation. The Italian government has allocated nearly 12 billion for two consecutive quarters to calm the costs that would otherwise have burdened families and SMEs ”, explains Cingolani. “From 2022, with the opening of the Nord Stream gas pipeline, the market should normalize and the price of gas could fall. In Europe we are discussing common solutions to address the situation, such as European gas storage for all countries. But unfortunately we depend on the global market and these are contingencies of all countries ”, concluded the minister.