Cossiga, the Inventory presented to the Chamber among the memories of those who saw the ‘Picconatore’ up close

The presentation of the volume was an occasion for the memories of Amato, Minniti, Zanda, Ferrara, Savona, Ortona

The “primacy of politics” as a cult, a cursus honorum marked by “death and resurrection”, the formidable intuition of the consequences for Italy of “the dismantling of the Iron Curtain” between East and West, the ability to anticipate those needs for reform institutional now at the center of current events: Francesco Cossiga in his fundamental traits that marked the transition between the first and second Republic was at the center of the conference for the presentation of the “Inventory” of the Francesco Cossiga Fund in the Sala della Regina of Montecitorio, donated in the Chamber by his children Anna Maria and Giuseppe under the presidency of Gianfranco Fini.

Eight hundred pages that refer to documents and correspondence of the Picconatore, who was remembered not only by the President of the Chamber Lorenzo Fontana, but also by Pasquale Chessa, Giuliano Ferrara, Miguel Gotor and then Giuliano Amato, Marco Minniti, Luigi Zanda, Ludovico Ortona, Paolo Savona, in front of an attentive audience that included, among others, Mario Segni, Pierluigi Bersani, Bruno Tabacci, Arturo Parisi, Lorenzo Guerini, Gianni De Gennaro, Antonello Soro, Giuseppe Gargani, Luigi Compagna, mons. Vincenzo Paglia, the editor of Adnkronos Giuseppe Marra.

An opportunity to remember, also with revealing anecdotes, the complex personality of the statesman who was everything, Minister of the Interior, Prime Minister, President of the Senate, eighth President of the Republic. The president of Montecitorio, Lorenzo Fontana, spoke of his view of politics as “primacy” compared to every other sphere of public action, while Ferrara recalled “the free man and the extraordinary statesman” not without its tragic dimension , accused by the left of the time of the “political crime of Atlanticism”. And, of course, the story of Gladio, the 55 days of Aldo Moro’s imprisonment, the difficult relationship with Giulio Andreotti well remembered by the historian Gotor, but also the role of deus ex machina – now long since left the Colle – which would have led to Palazzo Chigi Massimo D’Alema.

A passage, the latter, recalled by Marco Minniti, to remember the uniqueness of the character: “I was struggling – reveals the former Interior Minister – with the need to put things right. And I looked for it. But to three days it was impossible to trace him. I also turned to Pippo Marra… But if he didn’t even know where he was, then we had a serious problem. Until I received a phone call from the Quirinale switchboard, even though he was no longer the tenant I thought, ‘now they’ll pass me Cossiga’. But no: it was the switchboard operator who told me: ‘The president asks me to tell you just this, and then I’ll have to hang up: pay particular attention to the Ministry of Defence'”. Click.

Giuliano Amato is also in great ‘narrative’ vein: meanwhile, Cossiga “felt like my colleague was missing from the academy” and, once, met in the Senate lift after I had taken on the role of Minister of the Interior, he told me ironically: ‘I will no longer use the Viminale’s battery since it now depends on you…”. “He was a man – recalls the former prime minister – whose vast interests and sensitivity towards the changes taking place in the country could be sensed” and it was “the first to understand the problem represented by the excessive use of emergency decrees”.

And if ambassador Ludovico Ortona highlighted Cossiga’s formidable communicative drive, going so far as to “thank heaven that there was no Internet at the time because otherwise he would have flooded everyone with tweets every day”, Luigi Zanda underlined Cossiga’s “generosity in friendship and a humanity that is very important in a statesman”. Finally, Paolo Savona: “For him, economic theory was a lot of chatter, yet if he once asked me ‘who is really in charge in Italy?’ The doubt that the primacy could belong to the economy had probably crossed his mind.”