After being unlocked in 2020, the reconstruction in central Italy after the 2016-2017 earthquakes has entered a mature phase. In the last two years, 10 thousand private construction sites have been opened, while as regards public interventions, 365 have been completed and another 315 are currently under construction. “Results that only a very difficult external context, marked by the pandemic, the explosion of prices, the saturation of the building market, the consequences of the war, prevented them from becoming even more consistent”. This is what we read in the 2022 Report, presented today by the Extraordinary Commissioner Giovanni Legnini in videoconference six years after the earthquakes that destroyed central Italy.
Against 14,234 decrees granted, and as many authorized construction sites, as at 30 June last, 7,256 private construction sites had been completed (4,684 in the Marche, 1,113 in Umbria, 773 in Abruzzo and 686 in Lazio) with the delivery of 16,520 thousand individual real estate units. Against a total damage estimated at 26.5 billion euros, Amatrice is the municipality with the greatest damage, for over 1.3 billion euros, followed by Camerino with 1.2 billion in damage, and Norcia, with 1 , 1 billion. For private reconstruction, overall, at the end of June 22,700 requests for grants amounting to 7.6 billion euro were registered, of which 14,234 were approved with 4.3 billion grants granted. Applications for grants already launched represent 45% of those expected in numerical terms and 39% in value. In the last two years, requests have doubled and grants have tripled.
Public interventions also record important steps forward. The actual expenditure, thanks also to the fast procedures of the special ordinances for the most affected municipalities, reached 768 million euros in July, compared to 559 million at the end of 2021 and 265 million at the end of 2020. Within a year, also considering the work on churches (“the symbolic construction site, that of the basilica of San Benedetto in Norcia is also proceeding quickly”, Legnini underlined), the number of closed public construction sites has risen from 151 to 365. That of open construction sites, 316, has doubled, and is destined to grow significantly by the end of 2022, both due to the advancement of programming, which today sees almost a billion interventions in the design phase and increasingly close to the construction site, and for the concrete launch, by December, of the 525 interventions planned in the crater by NextAppennino, the complementary Fund to the NRP for the 2009 and 2016 earthquake areas.
By the end of the year it is expected that about 500 public reconstruction and church construction sites will be active. To these will be added those of the more than 500 interventions financed by the complementary fund to the national Pnrr for the 2009 and 2016 earthquake areas, NextAppennino, which accompanies the physical reconstruction of buildings and infrastructures damaged by earthquakes. The interventions of the first part of the program, which includes investments in road and railway infrastructures, urban regeneration, conservation of cultural heritage, sport, tourism, and concerning the 2016 crater area, are 525, for a value of 626 million euros. According to the time schedule established with a decree of 2021 of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, by the end of December 2022 all the planned interventions must be implemented, with the delivery and start-up of the related construction sites.
Another 28,000 requests for contributions from private individuals are expected, 4,300 public interventions must be carried out and almost another 2,000 new ones must be set up. The new procedures and simplifications introduced today guarantee a good functioning of the reconstruction machine, and a further step forward to consolidate and make this very difficult process more efficient and faster, can come from the Consolidated Law on private reconstruction, expected in October, and from the new telematic platform for the management of files, which from January 2023 will replace the current one, now obsolete. Today, the Report concludes, the resources guaranteed by NextAppennino, 1 billion and 780 million, of which 700 in the form of incentives for new business investments, can represent a further driving force for the growth and development of the Central Apennines, in addition to material reconstruction. of the enormous damage caused by earthquakes.
(by Silvia Mancinelli)