The 2023 Annual Report of the Arera certifies a rather high increase in the prices of supplies for Italy, despite government aid: +40% for light, far higher than the European average (17%). Two million families have not requested the social bonus for gas, even if they were entitled to it, however receiving compensation for the bills paid. All of this was discussed on “Numeri”, the Sky TG24 program aired on 11 July
Despite the aid, Italy is one of the countries that suffered the most from the increases in electricity and gas supplies in 2022. This is certified by Arera in its 2023 annual report, which highlights the 40% increase in electricity , far higher than the European average (17%). A different story is that of gas, where Rome is placed just below the average of the 27 (37 against 40%), but still remaining above the data of countries such as Germany and Spain. The different classification and also the transition of consumers to the free market are signs that should not be overlooked in view of the 2023 budget, which however can still be viewed with confidence. “Last year’s concern does not seem to exist for these twelve months, given that the prices of raw materials have dropped and inventories are decidedly higher. The energy market is still tense, but there is confidence”, underlines the director of Arera, Stefano Besseghini during the in-depth analysis on Sky TG24’s “Numbers”.
Aid to families
There are countries that have tried to help consumers pay their bills and there are those who have instead proceeded to discount the price. Italy was the fourth European country that paid the most expensive electricity bills, behind Denmark, Belgium and Ireland. “It makes a difference understanding where action has been taken but Italy has a particularly expensive energy mix, as we knew: we don’t have components that save money in other countries, such as nuclear power or coal for France and Germany. We don’t even have regasification terminals, present for example in Spain”, Besseghini points out. In Italy, in this regard, discounts have been implemented in bills such as, for example, cuts in both system charges and VAT on gas. The situation is different for social bonuses and tax credits, the latter with a very high cost of 20 billion, which instead went as real payment aid.
The social bonus in the bill
The social bonus in the bill also had a significant weight which helped many families, all those with Isee under 12 thousand euros in 2022, to pay less: 3.7 million families were helped with electricity bills while 2, 4 for gas, a decisive step forward compared to 2020 (which however also had a different allocation system). Those who had a social bonus on electricity paid 75% less, while gas is a different matter. According to Arera, 700 thousand families have received the full bonus, 1.7 million indirectly, for example on gas for cooking, while 2 million have not requested it, perhaps because they have a centralized system. In fact, many of them ignored the notification. “These data must be seen by looking at the positive sides, for example on the light, which showed how the government’s objectives have been achieved, while as far as gas is concerned, the situation is different. It is a lack of response, because they receive the bonus as an indirect sum, as compensation, but perhaps this aspect can also be improved on a communicative level”, admits Besseghini.