Energy, Assogasliquidi: “Focus on a single counterproductive vector for emissions”

The Italian companies of the liquefied gas supply chain (LPG and LNG) ask national policy to still support in Europe the choice not to rely on a single energy product. Especially now that the Italian industry will put down strong investments to decarbonise products that are already virtuous in terms of emissions. “Ours will be an authentic decarbonisation – he recalls Andrea Arzà president of Assogasliquidi-Federchimica – for which we are already very advanced in bioGnl. For LPG, investments of 1.5 and 2.4 billion euros respectively are planned up to 2030 to arrive at a mixture composed of at least 40% of bio (BioGpl) and renewable products (dimityl ether obtained from waste), to drastically reduce the already limited CO2 emissions of the product and be part of the principles of the circular economy, waste recovery and waste to energy “.

“The resulting mixture can already be used by current boilers and vehicles, without the need for modifications: we will soon have an Innnovhub study on the effect of this novelty in terms of car emissions. Because we are convinced – adds Arzà, in the occasion of the Assogasliquidi-Federchimica assembly – that the European institutions will realize, already at the first results monitoring deadline set in 2026, that the ideological approach pursued does not allow to reach the emission reduction targets and negatively impacts on power of household spending and on the competitiveness of industry. We are only thinking of the automotive sector and related components “.

Alongside the issues related to decarbonisation, the Assembly was also an opportunity for a new call to institutions to pay attention to the issues of air quality. “The technical data are all clear and evident – observes Arzà – we therefore expect a revision of the incentive policies in favor of woody biomass, compared to which LPG is currently even cheaper”. An analysis conducted by the Green Research Center of the Bocconi University shows how LPG used in domestic heating uses, even in the scenario of higher prices, is still cheaper than the use of pellets by over 30%. “Also for this reason – concludes Arzà – we are registering new requests in the combustion sector for the use of LPG also by highly energy-intensive companies. And the same is for the LNG. Our companies are doing everything to satisfy this new demand without sacrificing security and supply ”.

With regard to safety, the collaboration with the National Fire Brigade, Inail and the Ministry of Infrastructures is further strengthened: Italy is an excellence in Europe and in the world on the creation and updating of the framework that regulates the sector (both LPG than LNG). And there is also great expectation on the work of revising the fire prevention regulations for LPG points of sale which could allow full use of the self-service mode. The assembly was also an opportunity to take stock of the issue of legality, with the work involving several administrations. In the last year, various operations of the Gdf have made it possible to identify management of activities that are completely outside the regulations in force, with important benefits both in terms of safety and for the protection of the consumer.

The demands of the LPG sector – Reassess the criteria for determining the impacts of energy products on a wider scale Well to Wheel or Life Cycle Assessment, both in the Regulation on CO2 emissions from vehicles and in the proposal for the so-called Epbd directive; review taxation, providing for the elimination of the excise rate for bio and renewable products in order to facilitate their penetration in the energy and transport sectors; introduce specific support measures for the production and placing on the market of bio and renewable products to be mixed with LPG or used in purity as already happened for renewable electricity and biomethane sources; in the short and medium term, provide for measures in support of gaseous fuels, as incentives for the conversion of cars in circulation to LPG, with a view to guaranteeing the necessary support and transport of the sector towards bio and renewable production; in the short and medium term, eliminate all forms of incentives for the use of woody biomass in heating uses through small domestic systems.

The requests of the LNG sector – Reassess the criteria for determining the impacts of energy products from a Well to Wheel (or Well to Wake for maritime transport) or LCA type of perspective; confirm the exemption from the excise duty regime for the quantities of LNG used in maritime transport; confirm the LNG alternative fuel for heavy road and sea transport (both for international navigation and for inland waterways) without short-term timing predictions in the light of developments in bioGnl production; align the amounts of the incentives for the production of bioGnl with the much more consistent ones established by other EU countries (Germany first of all); extend the possibility of taking advantage of the incentives also for the volumes of bioGnl destined for international navigation, as well as in inland waters, maximizing the penetration of renewables in the maritime sector; confirm the support measures for the purchase of vehicles (with greater attention in terms of incentive differentials compared to traditional engines), but also define structural measures that have a positive impact on the economy of use of vehicles, such as the reduction of motorway tolls for LNG-powered vehicles (as has already happened in other European Union countries).