Energy: Fire, Free and Gbc Italia, efficiency directive is an opportunity

Energy efficiency is an element of decarbonisation but it is also important for energy security, given that by reducing the demand for energy, the dependence on imported fossil fuels decreases. If you are against energy efficiency and its methods, you deny the importance of the decarbonisation process. Furthermore, for years our country has also made investments through tax deduction mechanisms, such as the Ecobonus and the Superbonus, which in 2021 alone amounted to 24 billion euros. There are many ideas that emerged, which will be integrated and presented to institutional stakeholders, during the conference Support tools for building redevelopment: how to make them more effective held today and organized by Fire and Gbc Italia as members of the Free Coordination.

In particular, the need has emerged to diversify the size of the incentive to reward the technologies that can most contribute to making an important qualitative leap in terms of emissions and energy consumption. Other ideas concern the importance of guaranteeing policies a medium-long term horizon to allow the supply chain to structure itself and to reduce costs, to promote the measure of the energy savings achieved, to extend the Siape database on energy performance certificates to all properties, to maintain credit assignment and invoice discounts, overcoming critical issues, and the use of Epc contracts through Escos.

“There has always been little talk about energy efficiency, and today, with the discussion on the new directive, it is spoken badly and inappropriately. – says Livio de Santoli, President of the Free Coordination – Having said that it is necessary to “attack” the building sector on the front of decarbonisation, given that it is responsible for over 30% of climate-changing emissions, as far as Italy is concerned it will be necessary for 20 million apartments to reach class E. This is an energy saving of 20%, with an overall cost about 30 billion a year for seven years. A blunder? No, the figure is in line with that of other European countries. And it will be a further driving force for businesses”.

Specifically, on the subject of the Energy Efficiency Directive, it emerged that this clear-cut government opposition to the European Directive on energy efficiency in buildings does not lead to positive results, either from the point of view of the effectiveness of public funding, or from the importance results that would also lead to a reduction in the energy bill. Considering that this saving is worth 10-12 billion euros every year compared to investments of the order of 30-40 billion euros a year distributed over the next seven years between now and 2030, with advantages in terms of taxation and industrial development of an entire industry. In this context, it is not clear on what elements this opposition is based. Instead, by developing adequate financial mechanisms to make energy efficiency more attractive for the entire supply chain, it is possible to build a line of national industrial development, inserted in a multi-year energy strategy, with improved structural tools based on the experiences of recent years. The process cannot be blocked, but instead relaunched. The current superbonus structure should be reviewed precisely according to the objectives set by the new Energy Efficiency Directive.

The morning saw Domenico Prisinzano from Enea alternating at the speaker’s table, who illustrated the data of the 2022 Report on tax deductions, and Andrea Toma from Censis who outlined the main impacts that the superbonus had in economic, fiscal, employment terms, as well as of energy efficiency and sustainability. In particular, according to Censis, the cost to the State does not correspond to the amount of deductions, equal to approximately 69 billion euros at the end of December 2022, but to approximately 30% thanks to the direct and indirect economic effects on the revenue for the State.

According to UN data, notes Marco Mari, President of Green Building Council Italy, “the construction sector (and the related building and real estate supply chains) is not only the largest in economic terms, but also in terms of use of resources and impacts on the environment. Today we can no longer ask ourselves the question of whether to do something for this sector but the imperative is how to do it. In this sense, the regeneration of a building or an urban settlement through the application of tools such as energy-environmental protocols becomes the method for integrating all performance aspects, including energy ones. On the basis of these tools, it is urgent to put in place a new pact for sustainable development for construction and real estate between institutions and representatives of the sector. Italy presents already excellent opportunities, the time has come to act”.

Important proposals emerged from the round table which was attended by Carlo De Masi of Adiconsum, Filippo Busato of Aicarr, Dario Di Santo of Fire, Marco Mari of Gbc Italia, Fabio Roggiolani of Giga, Francesco Ferrante of Kyoto Club, Mauro Donnini of Assistal , Vittorio Cossarini of Assoesco and Annalisa Paniz of Aiel.

Dario Di Santo, director of Fire, closed the conference, emphasizing that “pushing energy efficiency means strengthening the economy, increasing safety, reducing dependence on fossil fuels and improving the environment. And it can be done in line with the objectives For this reason, we believe it is essential that a medium-long term program be launched to support energy redevelopment of buildings, ideally extended until 2030. We believe it is possible to modify the package of deductions – reducing the specific outlay by acting on the rates and on incentivized interventions -, accompanying it with a fund for low-interest mortgages and with incentives for companies in the supply chain aimed at facilitating the industrialization of the same.To guarantee the willingness of households to invest, it is also important to confirm the transfer of credit and discounts on invoices “.