Out of about 36 million homes, just over 25 million are permanently occupied in Italy
One of the most evident effects of the falling birth rate on the Italian territory is the increase of empty residential properties and abandoned. According to the latest Istat data referring to the year 2019, the Italian real estate stock is increasingly characterized by completely uninhabited houses: nationally, the region with the highest incidence of unoccupied houses is Valle d’Aosta with 56.73%. followed by Molise (46.66%), Calabria (44.54%) and Abruzzo (41.11%).
The regions that seem to be less affected by the phenomenon are the autonomous province of Bolzano (24.19%), Lombardy (23.70%) and Lazio (21.72%).
In practice, out of approximately 36 million homes in 2019, just over 25 million are permanently occupied.
If we instead analyze the data at the provincial level, the province of Sondrio has the highest number of uninhabited houses with 57.04%.
Other provinces where more than half of the houses are empty are Aosta (56.73%), L’Aquila (55.09%) and Imperia (51.98%).
Depopulation in Italy is worsening and this is even more evident if we consider the previous Istat housing censuses. If currently 29.73% of houses in Italy are not inhabited, this percentage drops to 22.66% in 2011 while in 2001 it was 20.66%. We are therefore far from the 12.23% recorded in 1971.
It is no coincidence that the 1970s were characterized by a low level of uninhabited houses: it was also a period characterized by a high birth rate. In 1971 the newborns registered in the registry office had been 911.00. Almost 50 years later, in 2017, there were 458,000: 49.7% less than then.
A sad record that keeps getting worse: in 2021, births were just 400,249