One year after the Rome Summit, the Delegation for the Italian presidency of the G20 publishes the report entitled ‘Sustainability and social impact: the G20 Summit in Rome is serious’, a study carried out by the university spin-off Sigma Nl, an innovative startup of the University of Genoa, commissioned by the Delegation and drawn up with the support of Triumph Group International. The Rome Summit, held on 30 and 31 October 2021, was the subject of a survey aimed at improving institutional events by adapting them to the Sustainable Development Goals, in order to generate positive impacts while limiting negative ones, net of the inevitable ones. In 2021, for the first time in relation to an international and annual event, a ‘baseline’ relating to consumption and emissions was outlined, involving all interested stakeholders.
“We have chosen to carry out this study to provide material for reflection for future events and, hopefully, to start a virtuous process from the moment of planning the events, through a prior analysis and assessment of the economic, social and environmental impacts”, explains the plenipotentiary minister Giuseppe Scognamiglio.
From an environmental point of view and with respect to the type of event, according to the report, there are no particularly alarming data. Indeed, from the analysis of the value of Global Warming and, considering exclusively the activity carried out during the days of the event in Rome, the emission into the environment of approximately 87,084 kg of CO2 was estimated. In other words, the CO2 produced is equivalent to the emissions of a column of 100 cars crossing Italy twice, round trip, from Aosta to Messina. It is understood that 90% of the total emissions relating to this appointment were caused by the inevitable travel required for a face-to-face meeting. In fact, if air flights are also considered, CO2 emissions rise to 1,941,620 kg/CO2 eq. To offset the approximately 87,000 kg of CO2 produced, 130 olive trees were planted on 21 November, at no tax expense, thanks to Triumph Group International joining a reforestation project with a high social impact, which involved Capodarco Agriculture cooperative at the Tenuta della Mistica in Rome.
“Offsetting the CO2 produced by our events should become an integral part of the life cycle of projects. There is so much to do and good practices must be cultivated”, observes Maria Criscuolo, Chairwoman of Tgi. Consumption and waste relating to the two days of the summit, the three days of meetings between Sherpas and the five days of average coverage, plus 29 days of preparation and 15 days of dismantling, are average, with a prevalent use of local resources and various recycling measures taken. From a social point of view, the G20 Summit was a sign of recovery at a global level, mainly connected to the possibility of meeting physically after the long stop due to the Covid19 pandemic (the 2020 edition organized by Saudi Arabia was in fact held exclusively via virtual channels). Furthermore, there is a widespread awareness of environmental issues.
From an economic point of view, this great event is in line with the trend of the same type of appointments, with an associated industry generated of over 4.5 million euros, while what derives from the addition of media effects and, therefore, expected for the year underway, has risen to 30 million euros. The ratio between social and economic effects and invested resources amounts to 1.5; this figure demonstrates that, thanks to the initial budget allocated by the State for holding the summit, it was possible to increase the resources invested by 50%. The external stakeholders and the local community benefited from this process.
“A milestone has been laid, the foundations of a new way of organizing events – declares Lombardo, administrator of the university spin-offs Sigma Nl of UniGe and of Triadi of the Politecnico di Milano – We have measured effects, externalities and intentional and additional social impacts , planned right from the design together with the authorities involved. An example of ‘Theory of Change’ applied to reality, which now remains as a gift as a legacy for all those who want to organize institutional events and more. The legacy of the G20 Summit has just put dwells its roots”.