From Scotland to Bangladesh, here are the first ministers
Giorgia Meloni is the first woman to hold the office of prime minister in Italy. A role she shares with other women in Europe and around the world. Starting with Elisabeth Borne in France, who holds a position beyond the Alps that belonged to Edith Cresson, and Nicola Sturgeon in Scotland, in office since 2014. Until two days ago, Britain also had a female prime minister, Liz Truss, who she resigned after 45 days of government. She was chosen to succeed Boris Johnson and fill a role that had been in Britain before Margaret Thatcher (1979 to 1990) and Theresa May (2016-2017).
But to find the first woman to hold the position of prime minister in the world, it is necessary to go beyond the borders of Europe and reach Asia where in 1960 Sirimavo Bandaranaike was elected, for the first time of three, as premier of Ceylon and Sri Lanka. Also in Asia, since 2009 she has been the premier of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina, who had already held the position from 1996 to 2001. she She is considered one of the most powerful women in the world, at 28th place in the Forbes ranking.
Remaining in Europe, an expression of female leadership is Ana Brnabić, prime minister of Serbia since 2017 as well as the fifth openly LGBT head of government in the world, second homosexual woman premier after Icelandic Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir (2009-2013). The current Prime Minister of Iceland, Katrín Jakobsdóttir, in office since 2017, was part of her government as Minister of Education and Culture. In Estonia, since January 2021 she has held the position of Prime Minister Kaja Kallas, leader of the Party reformist and former MEP. She is also a female premier in Lithuania, where the economist Ingrida Šimonytė has led the government since December 2020.
Denmark also has a woman as premier, Mette Frederiksen, the youngest minister of state in Danish history, the same age as Meloni and in office since 2019. The Finnish Sanna Marin is instead the leader of the youngest government in the world, for having taken office at 34 in 2019.
Before her, the ‘primacy’ belonged to New Zealander Jacinda Ardern, who was sworn in in October 2017 at the age of 37. She is the second woman in the world to have given birth while at the head of his government after the Pakistani Benazir Bhutto, giving birth to her daughter on June 21, 2018. Bhutto has twice served as Prime Minister of Pakistan, from 1988 to 1990 and from 1993 to 1996. She was killed on December 27, 2007 due to a kamikaze attack at the end of her rally in Rawalpindi, 30 kilometers from Islamabad. Overseas, Labor Party leader Mia Amor Mottley has been the first woman to hold the post of Prime Minister of Barbados since 2008.
In Africa Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila is the fourth and current prime minister of Namibia, in office since March 2015. Togo has also chosen a woman as premier, Victoire Tomegah Dogbè, in office since September 28, 2020 and with a long experience at the United Nations . Economist Rose Christiane Raponda has been Gabon’s first minister since July 16, 2020 and the first woman to fill this role in the country after having been Minister of Defense.