Green houses, one out of two Italians does not know their energy class

New research by Changes Unipol, created and elaborated by Ipsos

To date, only 8% of Italians would be willing to carry out energy efficiency works to comply with the EU directive on green houses. Furthermore, 52% are not aware of the energy class of their home. These are the new data research by Changes Unipol, created and elaborated by Ipsoswhich analyzed the positions of Italians on this issue and, more generally, on the state of the art of Italian cities in terms of environmental sustainability (the survey was carried out on a representative sample of the national population aged 16-74 and of residents in the main Metropolitan Areas, according to gender, age, geographical area, size of the centre, educational qualification, standard of living, profession and family nucleus).

The reduction in building bonuses has had an impact on the future intentions of Italians: almost 1 out of 4 Italians (23%) believes that in the next 12 months they will not carry out energy efficiency works due to fewer subsidies, while 1 out of 3 will not be blocked by the reduction of benefits. The citizens of Florence (48%) and Bari (43%) are the ones most willing to proceed with the renovations, even with less concessions, Turin (21%) is instead the least inclined city.

On the other hand, in the last 3 years, one in five Italians (21%) has carried out renovation works aimed at improving energy efficiency. The highest figure is still recorded in Florence (34%), followed by Verona (29%) and Cagliari (27%). Bologna (15%) and Naples (18%) were the metropolitan areas with the least activity. Among those who have carried out renovations or works, almost 80% have resorted to bonuses and concessions, in particular the tax deduction of 50% (34% among those who have carried out works). Followed by 28% who benefited from the 65% Ecobonus and 27% from the 110% Superbonus.

VOTE ON CITIES – In addition to a focus on the energy efficiency of buildings, the Changes Unipol research extended the state-of-the-art analysis of Italian cities in terms of environmental sustainability. The research reveals how the judgment of Italians on the subject of green sustainability and energy efficiency of the cities of the peninsula is very severe and does not reach the sufficiency (5.4 the average mark on a scale of 1 to 10). Only 27% express a positive evaluation (at least grade 7), but almost one out of two (45%) is very critical. Among the cities, Bari (21% grades 8-10) and Bologna (20% grades 8-10) express the highest scores. Naples and Rome, on the other hand, are the metropolitan areas that show the greatest criticalities, with percentages of dissatisfied citizens (votes 1-5) equal to 59% and 55% respectively. In this negative context, a countertrend figure stands out, namely almost one out of two Italians claims to have a charging station for electric vehicles within 2 km from your home or place of work/study. The most virtuous cities are Bologna, Rome and Milan, where the share rises to 62%.

SMOG CHAPTER. Only 1 out of 5 Italians among those who live in metropolitan areas is very satisfied with the quality of the air, compared to a national average of 30%. Only in Cagliari is the situation more positive and almost one citizen out of two is very satisfied (48% with 8-10 votes). The cities in which the air quality is perceived as having the lowest quality are Rome (51% of the votes 1-5) and Milan (50% of the votes 1-5). The study also shows that Italians perceive a worsening of air quality in the last two years (34%), particularly in the metropolitan area of ​​Turin (the delta between worsened and improved -50) and in Verona (-32).

Satisfaction with the quantity of urban green areas was also contained: in metropolitan areas only one citizen out of four (26%) declares himself very satisfied and Naples is the city that shows the greatest dissatisfaction with this aspect (52% dissatisfied). The most positive judgments are recorded among the inhabitants of the Cagliari area (47% are very satisfied), but good judgments are also recorded in Turin and Bologna (39% and 38% respectively).

THE SOLUTIONS – The observatory does not limit itself to analyzing the state of the art, but also examines which, in the opinion of Italians, are the solutions to be implemented to improve the green sustainability of cities. In this sense 7 out of 10 Italians are in favor of an increase in pedestrian areas and the degree of agreement is high and transversal in the different metropolitan areas. In particular, more than 1 citizen out of 3 in Verona and Florence is very favourable. Between generations, the degree of agreement is directly proportional to age: in fact, Boomers (57-74 years) record the highest share of very favorable, equal to almost 4 out of 10.

Despite the negative opinion on air quality, Italians, with reference to the near future, reveal a greater orientation towards favoring the needs of individual citizens in terms of mobility (58%), facilitating travel by car for work, study or personal, to the detriment of light and sustainable mobility. In particular, this orientation is strengthened among the inhabitants of the metropolitan areas of Turin (67%) and Rome (65%). Surprisingly, among the generations, it is the young people of Generation Z (16-26 years) who most indicate as a priority, in terms of mobility, the possibility of facilitating the needs of individuals (61%).

From the data it emerges how the hypothesis of ‘cities at 30km/h’ is very divisive and splits the population almost in half, but registering more in favor (53%) than against (39%). At a territorial level, the greatest resistance and critical issues are found in Milan: 1 citizen out of 2 is against it and fears more complications and problems than benefits, an increase in pollution and a slowdown in travel, with consequent widespread complexities. The most inclined cities belong to Southern Italy: in first place Naples (66%), followed by Bari (61%) and Cagliari (59%).