The number of migrants arriving in Italy since the beginning of the year and that of non-EU citizens authorized to work in our country is almost the same. But these are two parallel worlds: those who arrive irregularly have almost no chance of finding a place and, in the meantime, companies continue to have problems finding workers
Over 130 thousand migrants have landed in Italy since the beginning of the year. And there are 136 thousand non-European citizens that the government wants to allow into our country for work reasons in 2023.
Open doors and closed doors
Numbers that are substantially the same but belong to two completely different worlds. The thousands of men, women and children who arrive on boats will only in very remote cases, and in any case not within a few months, have a place in a factory or be employed in our fields.
At least one year for a residence permit
With the existing rules, and if you are not expelled, only after a long process can you obtain, after at least a year, a residence permit, the starting point for finding a job. It is not a given that the person who has landed the job will look for him and – in any case – we need to see if the company looking for staff really needs him.
Vacancies, an old problem
Our businesses are hungry for labor. The latest report on the subject (Excelsior-Unioncamere) claims that almost half of the hirings expected in September are difficult to carry out, both due to a lack of candidates and because preparation is inadequate.
Entries for work from outside the EU increased
An ancient problem, which the government wants to partially stem by increasing the number of non-EU workers. Green light, therefore, for over 450 thousand people in three years, of which more than half are seasonal (therefore only for a few months).
How to recruit a foreigner
It should be remembered that the mechanism that allows – for example – a Senegalese to work as a metalworker in Brescia excludes the possibility of recruiting someone who has just landed: it is the entrepreneur who must contact the person concerned when he is thousands of kilometers away. An operation which, in practice, takes place thanks to word of mouth and which opens the field to hiring unknown people, with the consequence that there is the risk that the pass will be used to sanction those who are already working illegally in Italy.
We need more foreigners
In any case, the flows authorized by Palazzo Chigi would be lower than the requests of the companies, so much so that exemptions are foreseen for additional quotas. All of which confirms this paradox: many landings, restrictions on those who arrive without the proper papers, and few foreigners to employ.