Iran-Pakistan, the escalation is scary: the fears of the international community

From the UN to Russia, passing through the USA and China which offers itself as a mediator, there are calls for an end to tensions between the two countries

Already seriously affected by the war between Israel and Hamas, and by the one that risks breaking out definitively between the Jewish State and Hezbollah, the Middle East is dealing with a new, dangerous and unexpected escalation with the cross-attacks between Iran and Pakistan. After the latest episode in the unprecedented clash between the two countries – with Islamabad’s military response yesterday to Tehran’s missile launch -, from the UN to Russia passing from the USA to China, which offers itself as mediator between the parties , International appeals are being made to avoid new clashes and ease tensions.

UN: “Address concerns through peaceful means”

The Secretary General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres asked Iran and Pakistan to “exercise maximum restraint to avoid a further escalation of tensions,” his spokesman Stephane Dujarric said.

“The Secretary-General emphasizes that all security concerns between the two countries must be addressed by peaceful means, through dialogue and cooperation, in accordance with the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and good neighborly relations,” said the United Nations spokesperson.

China ready to mediate

Meanwhile, China says it is “willing to mediate” between the two countries. This was stated in a press conference by the spokesperson of the Chinese Foreign Ministry, Mao Ning. “China – he underlines – sincerely hopes that the two sides can exercise calm and moderation and avoid escalation”, explains Ning. “We are also willing to play a constructive role in easing tension, if both sides wish,” she explains.

Russia calls for moderation

Russia has meanwhile urged Iran and Pakistan to show restraint after attacks against suspected “terrorists” along the border between the two countries cost the lives of a dozen people, including women and children. “We are observing with alarm the growing escalation of the situation in the border region between Iran and Pakistan in recent days. We call on the parties to exercise maximum restraint and resolve emerging issues exclusively through political and diplomatic methods,” the ministry spokeswoman said Russian Foreign Office, Maria Zakharovacited by Tass.

“We express our hope that Iran and Pakistan will soon find a way to resolve their differences in the spirit of good neighborliness, including those related to stopping terrorist threats from their respective territories,” the diplomat added.

US: “We don’t want to see escalation, in contact with Pakistan”

“Iran is not particularly well-regarded in the region”, Joe Biden’s comment yesterday in response to a question regarding the tensions of recent days. “In what direction will this go? We are studying it, I don’t know,” the president added.

After Biden’s statements before leaving for North Carolina, the spokesperson of the National Security Council specified that Washington “is monitoring the situation very, very carefully”. “We clearly do not want to see an escalation in South Central Asia – added John Kirby speaking to journalists on board Air Force One – and we are in contact with our Pakistani interlocutors”.

The Pakistani attack in Iran

The death toll from yesterday morning’s Pakistani attack in the south-eastern province of Sistan and Baluchestan meanwhile rises to 9 deaths in Iran. This was reported by the Iranian news agency ‘Fars’. The province’s deputy governor Alireza Marhamati said that yesterday, at 4.30 am local time, several explosions were heard in several places around the southeastern city of Saravan. The deputy governor said the explosions killed four children, three women and two men.

Pakistan said it had carried out a series of military strikes against what it claimed were hideouts of separatist militants inside Iran. The Pakistani operation came a day after Iran struck two headquarters of the Jaish Al-Adl terrorist group in Pakistan’s southwestern province of Balochistan.