A sudden attack by Hamas, thousands of rockets from the Gaza Strip towards Israel. Incursions also by land, raids across the border, with hostages and dozens of deaths, hundreds injured. The Israeli response was not long in coming, Gaza was hit several times from the air, but the feeling is that Netanyahu’s government did not expect such a violent attack.
A date to remember
Meanwhile, the anniversary of the Yom Kippur war must be remembered. On 6 October 1973, exactly 50 years ago, a simultaneous attack by Egypt and Syria on the two northern and southern borders of the Jewish state, the Golan Heights and the Negev desert, put the Israeli defenses in great difficulty. Even on that occasion, the surprise effect was not lacking. But one anniversary cannot explain everything. Furthermore, today the Palestinians are much more isolated and many countries, including Arab ones, have normalized their diplomatic relations with Tel Aviv.
The “official” claims
Another explanation – not exhaustive and not convincing – is the “official” one. Hamas attacks on Saturday, the day dedicated to religion, and in a note legitimates the choice of raids due to the “desecration of sacred places and Israel’s constant refusal to free Palestinian prisoners”. These claims, however, are timeless, they are not connected to other recent events and always have been.
Just as the note from the Palestinian National Authority is timeless. The attacks must be seen “in the absence of a solution to the Palestinian question for 75 years, in the continuation of the double-standard policy of the international community, in its silence in the face of the criminal and racist practices of the Israeli occupation forces, and in the continuation of the injustice and oppression.”
Saudi Arabia and Iran, what’s happening
However, what has a strong temporal connection with the Hamas attack is what is happening in recent days around Israel and the Palestinian territories.
Negotiations for the normalization of relations between Israel and Saudi Arabia, strongly supported by the United States, have entered into full swing. The dispute is that of the 2020 Abraham Accords. A rapprochement between Tel Aviv and Riyadh would be of historic importance and would have inevitable consequences. First of all, it would further isolate the Palestinians and their aspirations within the Arab world. Then there is Iran which competes with Saudi Arabia for the role of leading power in the Middle Eastern area. The suspicions that Iranian support for Hamas is more than concrete is in the words of the Israeli government. “The terrorist organizations – the Foreign Ministry of Tel Aviv points out – are an offshoot of the regime of the Ayatollahs of Iran, which intensely promotes terrorist activity in Israel and against Israeli and Jewish targets throughout the world”.