Migrants, asylum applications in Europe increased by 28%. One million applications by 2023

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Asylum applications registered in the countries of the European Union and in Norway and Switzerland in the first half of 2023 increased by 28% compared to the same period of the previous year. The data was provided by the EU Agency for Asylum (Euaa). Some 519,000 asylum applications were lodged in these 29 countries between January and the end of June, the EUA said, estimating that “based on current trends, applications could exceed one million by the end of the year” (LO SPECIAL MIGRANTS).

Who are the requests coming from?

Syrians, Afghans, Venezuelans, Turks and Colombians are the main applicants, accounting for 44% of applications. Request for the first semester is the highest this time of year since 2015-2016. At that time, during the influx of refugees into Europe caused in particular by the stalemate in the conflict in Syria, the number of asylum applications had reached 1.3 million in 2015 and 1.2 million in 2016. In 2022, there were 994,945.

The countries with the most questions

Germany is the country that has received the highest number of applications: 30% of the total, almost double that of Spain (17%) and France (16%). The agency points out that due to this increase many European countries “are under pressure to process applications” and that the number of files awaiting decision has increased by 34% compared to 2022. About 41% of first instance applications received a positive response. Furthermore, around 4 million Ukrainians fleeing the Russian invasion currently benefit from temporary protection in the EU.