Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty is the Alliance article binding collective defense in the event of an attack on a member state
Very high tension after the fall of two Russian missiles in a border area of Poland. In fact, the attack on a nation belonging to the Atlantic Alliance opens up a totally different scenario in the war currently underway between Russia and Ukraine with implications that could unleash a conflict that extends to all NATO countries. Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty regulates the Alliance’s reaction in the event of an attack on one of the member states.
What Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty says – “The parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America will be considered as a direct attack against all the parties – reads the text -, and consequently agree that if such an attack occurs each of them, in the exercise of the right of self-defense, individual or collective, recognized by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, will assist the party or parties thus attacked by undertaking immediately, individually and jointly with the other parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain security in the North Atlantic region Any such armed attack and all measures taken as a result thereof shall be promptly brought to the attention of the Security Council These measures will end when the Security Council has taken the measures necessary to restore and maintain peace and security international zzas”.
For the US, Article 5 “is sacred”. American President Joe Biden reiterated this in the past to Polish President Andrzej Duda. Since the beginning of the war between Russia and Poland, Poland has felt a “great sense of threat” linked to Moscow’s ambitions. Biden reiterated that the article of the Alliance which binds collective defense in the event of an attack on a member state is “a sacred obligation” for Washington: “You can count on this for your and our freedom”.
The perimeter is further delineated by theArticle 6 of the Treaty. “For the purposes of article 5, an armed attack against one or more of the parties is understood to mean an armed attack: against the territory of one of them in Europe or North America, against the French Departments of Algeria 2 -, against the territory of Turkey or against islands under the jurisdiction of one of the Parties in the region of the North Atlantic north of the Tropic of Cancer; against the forces, vessels or aircraft of one of the Parties, whether in these territories or in any other region of Europe in which, on the date of entry into force of this Treaty, occupying forces of one of the Parties are stationed, or which are located in the Mediterranean Sea or in the North Atlantic region north of the Tropic of Cancer, or above them”.