Montagna, the government’s okay with new measures for incentives and development

The Council of Ministers, on the proposal of the president Mario Draghi and the minister for regional affairs and autonomies, Mariastella Gelmini, approved the bill for the mountains. With organic measures aimed at encouraging economic development and the recovery of many territories that will have the opportunity to increasingly become a resource for the country.

Green light from the government, now the word goes to Parliament. The mountain law, approved by the council of ministers, introduces a series of measures for mountain areas, with the threefold objective of promoting development, supporting recovery and fighting depopulation. A unitary and systematic text with regulatory interventions to reduce the disadvantage conditions of mountain municipalities.

Classification of municipalities and national strategy for the mountains

The bill regulates the identification of mountain municipalities and regulates the additional parameters for accessing the incentives and support provided. The Minister for Regional Affairs and Autonomies, through the National Strategy for the Italian Mountains (SNAMI), identifies the strategic for economic and social growth and development, the accessibility of essential services and digital infrastructures, the effective enjoyment of the fundamental rights of the person in mountain areas.

SNAMI will be financed thanks to the Fund for the development of the Italian mountains (FOSMIT) – which brings together the resources of the National Mountain Fund and the Supplementary Fund for Mountain Municipalities – for which the latest budget law provided for the allocation 100 million for 2022 (previously it was 29.5 million) and 200 million from 2023. The substantial increase in pre-existing funds will guarantee coverage of the facilitated measures.

Mountain health

Forms of incentives are provided for doctors and social health workers who work in mountain municipalities. In particular, preferential access to the position of medical director is recognized for doctors who have exercised their activity in mountain areas.

A tax credit is also recognized in favor of doctors and social health workers who, for service purposes, rent or purchase a property for residential use in the mountain municipalities receiving this benefit.

Mountain schools

Facilitation and reward measures are envisaged for teachers who work in mountain areas. In particular, incentives are introduced, also in terms of service score, in favor of temporary teachers of mountain schools of all levels. Mountain teachers are also granted a tax credit for the home, under the same conditions as for mountain doctors and social health workers.

Mobile phone services and internet access

The coverage of ultra-broadband internet access and interventions on infrastructures suitable for guaranteeing the continuity of mobile telephone services are encouraged. The measures envisaged by the National Recovery and Resilience Plan are further strengthened and territories excluded from the NRP are also involved.

Incentives for agricultural and forestry entrepreneurs

A contribution is recognized, in the form of a tax credit, to agricultural and forestry entrepreneurs who carry out their activities in mountain municipalities and who invest in practices that are beneficial for the environment and climate. For agricultural entrepreneurs, these practices are to be identified with a decree of the Minister of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, while for forestry entrepreneurs they consist in the diversification of crops, in the maintenance or introduction of areas of ecological interest and in the maintenance of permanent lawns.

Favorable tax measures for “young” mountain businesses

A tax credit is introduced, for the first three accounting periods, for small and micro-enterprises that undertake their business in the mountain municipalities receiving this form of benefit and in which the holder or at least one of the merchants has not completed 36 years of age.

“I’m staying in the mountains”

The measure is aimed at encouraging residential accommodation in the mountains. To this end, taxpayers who have not reached the age of forty-one are entitled to a deduction from the gross tax higher than that ordinarily provided for with reference to the interest payable for mortgages contracted for the purchase of the main home. The deduction is recognized in mountain municipalities with a resident population not exceeding 2,000 inhabitants who are recipients of this form of relief.