Nagorno Karabakh, the other front of the war in Ukraine

The history of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has its roots in 1921, when Stalin decided to assign the Caucasian land, historically Armenian, to Azerbaijan to strengthen the Asian country with a view to transforming it into an outpost from which he could export the socialist revolution in Turkey. Over the years, coexistence between the Armenian and Azerbaijani communities has become increasingly difficult and in 1992 it degenerated into a conflict which caused over 30 thousand deaths and ended with the victory of the Armenian army which proclaimed the birth of the Republic of Artsakh: to date never recognized by any state in the world. Over the years, Azerbaijan has claimed ownership of the region because, according to treaties and ceasefire agreements, the disputed territory formally belongs to the Azerbaijani government. The Armenian populations, however, appealing to the right of self-determination of peoples, have requested international recognition of their nation (THE VIDEO OF THE REPORTAGE).

The war of 2020

This legal impasse has led to several clashes in recent decades, culminating in September 2020 with a large-scale attack by Azerbaijani forces. After 44 days of fighting, on November 9, 2020, Baku took control of a large part of the disputed region including the Lachin corridor, the only artery that connects Armenia with Nagorno Karabakh.

The escalation

On 12 December of the same year, the Lachin corridor was blocked by the Azerbaijani government, which prevented the movement of goods and men and on 15 June 2021 also denied the transit of food and medicines, thus causing a serious humanitarian crisis. in Armenian territory. Tension has increased exponentially and in recent days there has been a continuous deployment of Azerbaijani troops along the border with Nagorno Karabakh and Armenia, leading up to today’s artillery and drone attack .

The reactions

A heated situation that triggered different reactions. The authorities in Nagorno Karabakh have called for an immediate ceasefire. For Moscow, Armenia “is playing into the hands of the West”, while for US Secretary of State Antony Blinken “the United States is worried, Azerbaijan must stop hostilities immediately”. European Council President Charles Michel urged Azerbaijan to stop military operations “immediately to allow for a genuine dialogue between Baku and the Karabakh Armenians.” Italian Foreign Minister Antonio Tajani met with his Azerbaijani counterpart Jeyhun Bayramov, inviting “dialogue and moderation to find a diplomatic solution”. What is now happening in Nagorno Karabakh, where dozens of victims have already been recorded among the civilian population, including children, raises fears that the conflict could also spread to the Republic of Armenia and the risk is that the Caucasus could sink into an abyss of violence and devastation.