New negative record of births in Italy, in 2021 only 400,249 born

Since 2008 they have decreased by 30.6%: it is almost entirely attributable to births from couples of both Italian parents

In 2021, there were 400,249 births among the resident population in Italy, around 4,500 fewer than in 2020 (-1.1%). Also in 2021 there is a new downwards overcoming of the record for the fall in the birth rate. Since 2008 births have decreased by 176,410 units (-30.6%). This decrease is almost entirely attributable to births from both Italian parents (314,371 in 2021, almost 166,000 fewer than in 2008). Istat notes this in the report on the birth rate and fertility of the resident population – Year 2021′.

Overall, births within marriage are decreasing above all, equal to 240,428, almost 20,000 less than in 2020 and 223,000 less than in 2008 (-48.2%). This is primarily due to the sharp decline in weddings, which lasted until 2014 (with 189,765 events compared to 246,613 in 2008) and then continued with a fluctuating trend. To this it should be added that in 2020 the pandemic led many people to postpone or give up weddings to the point that the number of weddings almost halved (-47.4%).

This is a significant phenomenon, partly due to the structural effects induced by the significant changes in the female population of childbearing age, conventionally set between 15 and 49 years. In this segment of the population, there are fewer and fewer Italian women: on the one hand, the so-called baby-boomers (i.e. women born between the second half of the 1960s and the first half of the 1970s) have almost completely exited the reproductive phase; on the other hand, the younger generations are less and less consistent. In fact, the latter discount the effect of the so-called baby-bust, i.e. the phase of sharp drop in fertility in the twenty years 1976-1995 which led to an all-time low of 1.19 children per woman in 1995.

Starting from the 2000s, the contribution of immigration, with the entry of a young population, often deriving from family reunifications favored by massive regularisations, has partially limited the effects of the baby-bust. But the positive contribution of immigration is slowly losing effectiveness as the age profile of the resident foreign population also gets older. The drop in the birth rate looks set to continue in 2022.

According to the provisional data referring to the January-September period, births decreased by 6 thousand units compared to the same period of 2021, just over half of what was observed in the months January-September 2021 compared with the same nine months of 2020 when the conceptions have significantly decreased due to the effects of the pandemic waves.

In 2021, the first children amounted to 186,485, 46.6% of the total born. The phase of declining birth rate that began in 2008 led to a progressive contraction of firstborns who are 2.9% less than in 2020 (-5,657) and 34.5% less than 2008. In the same period, the children of following the first order decreased by 26.8%.

There strong contraction of the first children compared to 2008 affects all areas of the country, with the exception of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano which shows a slight increase, and is higher than that referring to all birth orders in almost all the Italian regions of the North and Center. This phenomenon bears witness to the difficulty that couples, especially the younger ones, have in forming a new family with children; different problem compared to the beginning of the millennium when the criticality mainly concerned the transition from the first to the second child.

The Center holds the record for the overall drop in the birth rate (-34.3%) and first-order newborns (-38.2%), with Umbria presenting the most accentuated decrease (-36.7% overall and -40 .5% for the first order). The Northern regions also recorded significant decreases, with the greatest decrease in Valle d’Aosta (-42.6% overall and -48.4% for the first order).

The lower drop in birth rate, which however remains of absolute importance, is recorded in the Islands (-28.2% for total births and -29.8% on the first order) above all for births in Sicily (-25.3% on the total and -27.0% for first children). In all regions, the drop in the birth rate of first children is higher than the overall one, with the exception of Molise, Puglia and Sardinia. The Autonomous Province of Bolzano is the only one in which the overall birth rate has decreased since 2008 (-5.3%) but the number of first children has increased (+0.7%).

Among the causes of the drop in first children is the prolonged permanence of young people in their family of origin, in turn due to multiple factors: the prolongation of training times, the difficulties that young people encounter in entering the world of work and the widespread instability of work itself, difficulties in accessing the housing market, a long-term trend of low economic growth, as well as other possible factors of a cultural nature.

In a context of decreasing births the increase of those born out of wedlock continues and is strengthened: there are 159,821 in 2021 (+14,000 in the last year, +47,000 since 2008), equal to 39.9% of the total (35.8% in 2020). Births outside marriage are more frequent in the Center (46%) while in the South and Islands the share is lower (34.8% in 2021) but its rate of increase is faster and the differentials with other divisions are reducing. Istat notes this in the report on the birth rate and fertility of the resident population – Year 2021′.

In the case of both Italian parents, births out of wedlock reach 43%. In the case of mixed couples, the incidence is higher if the father is foreign (37.3%) than in couples with a foreign mother (31.8%). For those born to both foreign parents, the share reaches 26.5%, more than 16 percentage points less than for couples of both Italians.

strong impact of the pandemic on births

Rome, 19 Dec. – (Adnkronos)

(Giz-Cro/Adnkronos)

The marked drop in births observed in the two-month period November-December 2020 (-9.5% compared to the same period of 2019) continued in the first months of 2021, highlighting the largest drop ever recorded in January (-13.2%) and leaving little doubt about the role played by the epidemic. The collapse in births between the end of 2020 and the beginning of 2021 is in fact attributable to the failed conception of the first pandemic wave. Istat notes this in the report on the birth rate and fertility of the resident population – Year 2021′.

Overall, in the first ten months of 2021 the trend is slightly decreasing compared to the same pre-pandemic period of the previous year (-3.3%), with the exception of a slight recovery in spring (+4.9% in March and 1.5% in April) due to births conceived during the transition phase between the two epidemic waves of 2020. In the last two months of 2021 there was an increase in births (+10.6%) which shows a recovery compared to collapse triggered by the pandemic (+7.0% in November and + 14.3% in December), due substantially to those born to unmarried parents (+20.4%), to both Italian parents (+11.2% ) and by mothers aged 35 and over (+19.5%). In 2022, considering the provisional data for the first nine months, there was a drop of 2.2%.

Compared to the pre-pandemic situation with reference to births, the first ten months of 2021 show a particularly evident drop in those born within marriage (-9.6%), to foreign parents (-6.9%) and those with mothers under 35 (-4.3%). In contrast to the generalized decline, those born out of wedlock still show an increase (+8.2%).

Strong impact of the pandemic on births

The marked drop in births observed in the two-month period November-December 2020 (-9.5% compared to the same period of 2019) continued in the first months of 2021, highlighting the largest drop ever recorded in January (-13.2%) and leaving little doubt about the role played by the epidemic. The collapse in births between the end of 2020 and the beginning of 2021 is in fact attributable to the failed conception of the first pandemic wave. Istat notes this in the report on the birth rate and fertility of the resident population – Year 2021′.

Overall, in the first ten months of 2021 the trend is slightly decreasing compared to the same pre-pandemic period of the previous year (-3.3%), with the exception of a slight recovery in spring (+4.9% in March and 1.5% in April) due to births conceived during the transition phase between the two epidemic waves of 2020. In the last two months of 2021 there was an increase in births (+10.6%) which shows a recovery compared to collapse triggered by the pandemic (+7.0% in November and + 14.3% in December), due substantially to those born to unmarried parents (+20.4%), to both Italian parents (+11.2% ) and by mothers aged 35 and over (+19.5%). In 2022, considering the provisional data for the first nine months, there was a drop of 2.2%.

Compared to the pre-pandemic situation with reference to births, the first ten months of 2021 show a particularly evident drop in those born within marriage (-9.6%), to foreign parents (-6.9%) and those with mothers under 35 (-4.3%). In contrast to the generalized decline, those born out of wedlock still show an increase (+8.2%).



Source-www.adnkronos.com