With the situation on the ground constantly evolving, we have decided to collect some information here that allows us to get an idea of the broader context through maps, factsheets and insights.
Considered too ambitious and too difficult for the extremist movement to implement, it was quickly dismissed by Israeli intelligence. The New York Times revealed that Tel Aviv officials obtained Hamas’ battle plan for the October 7 attack more than a year before it happened, based on documents, emails and interviews. The approximately 40-page document, which the Israeli authorities code-named “Wall of Jericho”, outlined, point by point, exactly the type of devastating invasion that led to the deaths of approximately 1,200 people (ISRAEL-HAMAS WAR: THE UPDATES LIVE – THE SPECIAL).
The translated document, reviewed by the NYT, did not set a date for the attack, but described a methodical attack designed to destroy fortifications around the Gaza Strip, take control of Israeli cities and storm major military bases, including the headquarters of a division. Hamas, according to the newspaper, followed the project “with shocking precision”. The document predicted a barrage of rockets at the start of the attack, drones to disable security cameras and automatic machine guns along the border, and armed men pouring into Israel en masse on paragliders, motorcycles and on foot — all of which happened on October 7. The plan also included details on the location and size of Israeli military forces, communications centers and other sensitive information, raising questions about how Hamas gathered its intelligence and whether there were leaks within the security establishment. Israeli security.
The opinion of Israeli intelligence
The document, writes the NYT, circulated widely among Israeli military and intelligence leaders, but experts determined that an attack of that scale and ambition was beyond Hamas’ capabilities. It is unclear whether the document was also seen by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu or other major political leaders. Last year, shortly after obtaining the document, officials from the Israeli army’s Gaza division, responsible for defending the border with the Strip, said Hamas’ intentions were unclear. “It is not yet possible to determine whether the plan has been fully accepted and how it will materialize,” reads a military assessment reviewed by the newspaper. Then last July, just three months before the attacks, a veteran analyst from Unit 8200, Israel’s signals intelligence agency, warned that Hamas had conducted an intense one-day training exercise that looked similar to what outlined in the plan. But a colonel in the Gaza division dismissed his concerns, according to encrypted emails viewed by the NYT.