Pd primaries, candidates’ programs compared

From 2 February, the motions of Bonaccini, Cuperlo, De Micheli and Schlein have been published. The vote of the members will reward the two party representatives who will compete for the position of secretary on 26 February

Only two, among the four exponents who have officially nominated themselves, will battle for the seat of secretary of the Democratic Party in the primaries on 26 February. Yesterday the motions of Stefano Bonaccini, Elly Schlein, Paola De Micheli and Gianni Cuperlo were made public. They contain the programs of each candidate and range on various topics, from party organization to civil rights, passing through work. From 3 to 12 February the motions will be discussed and voted on by the members of the party. The two candidates who get the most votes will compete in the primaries on the 26th, open to all Italian voters, not just militants.

Stefano Bonaccini’s motion

The motion of Stefano Bonaccini, president of the Emilia-Romagna Region, is the longest and is entitled “Popular Energy for the Democratic Party and for Italy”. The 44-page text is divided into nine chapters, which address various themes, from party organization to the goal of reaching government in 2027, passing through rights. The document gives ample space to work, in particular to the role of entrepreneurs, suggesting a new ‘social contract’, a new understanding between government, businesses and workers. Bonaccini, as highlighted by the Pagella politica website, is the candidate for the secretariat who mentions the word ‘left’ the least in his motion: 12 times, on average about once every four pages. Instead, he reserves great attention to the opponents of the Democratic Party: the word ‘right’ is mentioned 52 times.

Gianni Cuperlo’s motion

The motion presented by Gianni Cuperlo, a Pd deputy and former candidate for the secretariat in 2013, is 43 pages long and is entitled “Democratic Promise”. He dedicates two pages exclusively to the Constitution, which he defines as “our compass”, recalling a series of articles. Among these, article 11, which imposes on Italy the refusal of war as an instrument of offense. Cuperlo’s motion is the only one that contains images. As for the other contents, it focuses above all on the future organization of the party and asks, among other things, to eliminate the possibility for party leaders to hold “double and triple jobs”. Among other things, the motion focuses on the issue of work, calling for the abolition of the Jobs act, the labor market reform introduced in 2014 by the government led by Matteo Renzi. The document then addresses the issues of environmental protection and the welfare state.

Paola De Micheli’s motion

The motion of the deputy and former Minister of Transport Paola De Micheli is entitled “Concretely, people first”: it is 18 pages long, divided into as many chapters. One of the main themes is that of the “new humanism”, which for the former minister means returning to placing “human dignity” at the center of political discourse, instead of “abstract economic data and financial models”. De Micheli proposes to double the vote of the members in the internal consultations of the Democratic Party and to restore public funding to the parties. Among other things, he suggests the reduction of working hours, the introduction of a universal income, to guarantee everyone “a dignified life” and the introduction of the so-called ‘ius scholae’ to obtain Italian citizenship for foreign minors who have attended Italian schools. In the De Micheli motion, much attention is then given to the issue of ecological transition, while there are no references to the rights of the LGBT community.

Elly Schlein’s motion

The motion of Elly Schlein, deputy and former vice president of the Emilia-Romagna Region, is 33 pages long and is entitled “Depart from us!”, which is also the slogan of her electoral campaign. The text is defined as “a collective project to change the Democratic Party and Italy, a vision of the future that combines social and climate justice” at the heart of which are “three crucial and intertwined challenges that the right never mentions: inequalities, climate and precariousness”. Schlein’s motion is the one closest to the demands of the left: the text pays much attention to the rights of the LGBT community, the reception of migrants and the redistribution of wealth. Furthermore, this is the only motion that devotes an entire chapter to the legalization of cannabis. Schlein also proposes the introduction in Italy of the so-called ‘ius soli’, which would extend citizenship to all children born on Italian soil. As far as party organization is concerned, you propose adopting online voting for all internal votes, and reforming public funding for parties through an increase of 2 per thousand from the current system.