This was revealed by a dossier created by the Centro Studi Enti Locali for Adnkronos, based on data from the MEF
THE Italian municipalities are not homogeneously involved in the Pnrr, the plan on which the restart of the country is played after the crisis triggered by the pandemic. This was revealed by a dossier created by the Centro Studi Enti Locali (Csel), for Adnkronos, based on data from the MEF.
“It is a widespread and well-founded opinion – observes Csel – that the game of implementation of the Pnrr in the territories will be won only if the local authorities prove capable of launching tenders quickly and ensuring that the works are carried out in times infinitely shorter than those 2023 will be the year of the paradigm shift: the milestones and targets achieved so far depended above all on the work of the ministries, while starting next year many objectives will be linked to the results achieved by the local administrations. have published practically all the notices addressed to the public world and the relative rankings, the eyes are therefore focused on the local authorities front and on their ability to continue to achieve the objectives set by Brussels”.
But how many local authorities are involved in the implementation of the Pnrr? From the Csel dossier it can be seen that, if we exclude that part of Pnrr projects which are part of the Ministry of the Interior (which weigh a total of around 12 billion euros) and which were, in large part, already conceived and launched before the birth of the Recovery Plan and then merged into it later, there are, in fact, many small Italian Municipalities that have not been awarded the remaining resources of the Pnrr dedicated to the local authorities sector.
With the exception, therefore, of the resources managed by the Viminale, which went to practically all 7,904 Italian municipalities without distinction, there are in fact as many as 2,196 entities (28%) which are not implementers of other Pnrr projects. Data from the Ministry of Economy and Finance show that the bulk of these ‘non-beneficiary’ entities are almost exclusively small-sized municipalities: as many as 84% of these 2,196 municipalities have, in fact, fewer than 5,000 inhabitants. 12% (259 administrations) fall within the range of 5001-10 thousand inhabitants, and the remaining 4% (80 Municipalities) have between 10,001 and 20 thousand resident citizens. Therefore, none of the entities excluded from extra-Viminal resources has more than 20 thousand inhabitants.
Looking at it from the point of view of the percentage of non-beneficiary entities out of the total of those belonging to a certain demographic bracket, it emerges that 4 municipalities out of 10 among those with less than a thousand inhabitants are not implementers of the Pnrr (extra Internal), 3 out of 10 among those in the 1,001-5,000 population range, 2 out of ten among those between 5,000 and 10,000 inhabitants and 1 out of 10 among those between 10,000 and 20,000. Only 1% of municipalities between 20,000 and 60,000 and none of the entities with a higher population fall into the ‘non-beneficiary’ category.
By analyzing the geographical distribution of these entities, further distinctions emerge. In fact, we range from regions that have 100% of the Municipalities that implement Pnrr projects (outside the Ministry of the Interior) to others that are still below 50%. Six regions whose local authorities are fully involved in the implementation of the plan, even beyond the 4 expenditure lines managed by the interior ministry. These are: Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Molise, Puglia and Sardinia. The involvement of the Campania and Sicilian municipalities is also almost complete, given that both regions have only one municipality each which has not been awarded resources other than those managed by the Interior.
Involvement drops to 79.63% in Lazio (77 Municipalities that are not Pnrr beneficiaries, of which 71 with less than 5 thousand inhabitants), 79.3% in the Marche (region which has 73 Municipalities cut off, of which 43 with less 5 thousand inhabitants), 75.91% in Emilia Romagna and 75.46% in Tuscany, which sees 206 Municipalities out of 273 implementers of Pnrr projects outside those headed by the Ministry of the Interior. Going further down, we find Umbria (75%), in which 23 Municipalities remained outside, 19 of which have fewer than 5,000 inhabitants), Liguria (70% implementing bodies), Veneto (59.33%) and Piedmont (57.75%). Lagging behind are Lombardy (51%), Friuli Venezia Giulia (40.47%), Trentino Alto Adige (34.4%) and Valle d’Aosta which sees only 21 of the total 74 Municipalities (28%) involved in the implementation of the Pnrr.
It is therefore evident, observes Csel, that the diffusion of resources has been much more widespread in the South of Italy than in the North. “These data are clearly also conditioned by the criteria established upstream in the allocation of resources. Considering that one of the macro-objectives pursued by the Plan is in fact that of overcoming the inequalities that divide the country from many points of view, in fact, a specific destination constraint was introduced to avoid widening the distances even further”, he recalls.
“This is the so-called ‘40% clause’ – explains Csel – which provides that the central administrations involved in the implementation of the Pnrr ensure that at least 40% of the resources that can be allocated territorially, regardless of the financial source, is destined for the regions of the Noon”.