Pnrr, what is the National Recovery and Resilience Plan


The National Recovery and Resilience Plan is the program with which the Italian government manages the funds of the Next Generation Eu, a recovery tool launched by the European Union after Covid. The plan, prepared by the Draghi executive, was approved by the EU Commission in 2021. The Pnrr is divided into six missions, which provide for reforms and investments. Italy has 191.5 billion euros available in loans and grants, to which money from the Complementary Fund and those from REACT-EU must be added

The National Recovery and Resilience Plan (also known as Pnrr) is the program with which the Italian government manages the funds of the Next Generation Eu, the economic recovery tool designed and launched by the European Union to restart the Member States after the collapse economic caused by the Covid pandemic. The executive at the time led by Mario Draghi studied the plan which was sent and approved by the European Commission in June 2021. The Pnrr is divided into six missions, each of which is in turn organized into components and measures, ranging from investment reforms. Everything is regulated by a calendar of deadlines to be respected, which have a quarterly frequency, until 2026. In all, the plan provides for 358 measures and sub-measures, with 66 reforms and 292 investments.

Resources

Each step of the Pnrr is entrusted to an organization that owns it (usually a ministry). The resources of the Next generation Eu destined for the Italian Pnrr amount to 191.5 billion euros. A figure that makes Italy the country with the most funds available. As Open Polis explains, most of this money, 122.6 billion, is loans that will have to be repaid to the EU. The remaining 68.9 billion are grants. To the European resources are also added 30.62 billion from Italian state coffers. It is the complementary fund which serves to further finance some measures of the Pnrr, but also to implement new interventions. The EU regulation obliges the beneficiary countries to invest at least 37% of the resources received in measures for the environment and the climate and 20% for the digital transition. Obviously, there are also constraints in respect of deadlines in order not to lose the right to the funds. Everything goes through a verification process by the European Commission. To manage the implementation of the plan, Italy, with the inauguration of the Meloni government, has introduced the figure of the minister for European affairs, cohesion policies and the Pnrr.

What does it do

As the Mise website explains, the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR) provides for a package of investments and reforms divided into six missions. The allocated resources are broken down as follows: Digitalisation, innovation, competitiveness and culture 40.32 billion, Green revolution and ecological transition 59.47 billion, Infrastructures for sustainable mobility 25.40 billion, Education and research 30.88 billion, Inclusion and cohesion 19.81 billion, Health 15.63 billion. Adding everything to the Supplementary Fund, we arrive at 222.1 billion euros. The NextGeneration EU also provides for the Recovery Assistance Package for the Cohesion and Territories of Europe (REACT-EU), which guarantees another 13 billion.

The six missions

The Plan is divided into sixteen Components, which are grouped into six Missions. As AgendaDigitale explains, the first is “Digitalization, innovation, competitiveness and culture”, made up of 3 components and has as its objective the digital modernization of the country’s communication infrastructures, in the Public Administration and in its production system. One component is dedicated to the sectors that most characterize Italy and define its image in the world: tourism and culture. 49.86 billion – of which 40.32 billion from the Recovery and Resilience Facility, 8.74 billion from the Complementary Fund and 0.80 from React EU. The second is “Green revolution and ecological transition”, structured in 4 components and is aimed at achieving the green and ecological transition of the Italian society and economy in line with the European Green Deal: 69.94 billion – of which 59.47 billion from the Recovery and Resilience Facility, 9.16 billion from the Complementary Fund and 1.31 from React EU. Then there is the “Infrastructures for sustainable mobility” mission: it is divided into 2 components and has the objective of strengthening and extending the national high-speed railway and enhancing the regional railway network, with particular attention to the South: 31 .46 billion – of which 25.40 billion from the Recovery and Resilience Facility and 6.06 billion from the Complementary Fund. The fourth mission is “Education and research”: it places young people at the center and addresses one of the most important structural issues for relaunching potential growth, productivity, social inclusion and the ability to adapt to the technological and environmental challenges of the future: 33 81 billion of which 30.88 billion from the Recovery and Resilience Facility, 1 billion from the Complementary Fund and 1.93 billion from React EU. Then there is the “Inclusion and cohesion” mission: it is divided into 3 components and includes a structural review of active employment policies, a strengthening of employment centers and their integration with social services and with the network of operators private individuals: 29.83 billion of which 19.81 billion from the Recovery and Resilience Facility, 2.77 billion from the Complementary Fund and 7.25 billion from React EU. Finally, the “Health” mission is divided into 2 components and is focused on two objectives: the strengthening of the territorial network and the modernization of the technological equipment of the National Health Service (SSN) with the strengthening of the Electronic Health Record and the development of telemedicine: 20.23 billion of which 15.63 billion from the Recovery and Resilience Facility, 2.89 billion from the Complementary Fund and 1.71 billion from React EU.



Source-tg24.sky.it