The Al Bayt stadium in Qatar, which will host the matches of the 2022 FIFA World Cup but not only. There are numerous iconic stadiums, from the Meazza in Milan to the Olimpico in Rome, which have been designed by Webuild. Two stadiums, both rebuilt almost from scratch by the construction giant, for the 1990 World Cup. Two symbolic works for Italian and world football, and two examples of a new way of experiencing sport: the first vertical, with the stands that develop in height and the distance from the field reduced to a minimum; horizontal, the second, with a large athletics track and a large capacity of public that have allowed it to transform itself into the ideal theater for many kermesses, sporting and otherwise.
These two stages they have also become a symbol because they interpret the evolution of this type of infrastructurea, which began its history following the objective of multifunctionality, and therefore offering the public a variety of sports entertainment through the presence of the athletics track, and then changed according to the changing needs. First with the coverage of the stands, as happened with the Olimpico and the Meazza, and then with an increasingly marked focus on football, in order to bring the spectator as close as possible to the pitch and make his participation in the match immersive.
The evolution is written today on the projects of the new stadiums, which – while on the one hand continue to focus on the sporting event – on the other are transformed into increasingly technological infrastructures, with recreational spaces, opportunities for people to meet, ideal places to spend a longer time than the match. A trend that started in the 2000s with the construction of some futuristic stadiums. This philosophy also inspires the Al Bayt Stadium built by Webuild 40 kilometers from Doha for the 2022 FIFA World Cup, a modern, sustainable stadium designed to maximize audience involvement. One of the most advanced examples of the evolution of this infrastructure which, today more than ever, has put construction techniques and technology at the service of sport. The new stadiums are increasingly technological, sustainable infrastructures, equipped with recreational spaces to be enjoyed even outside of sport.
From the Wembley Stadium designed by Norman Foster to those of the FIFA 2022 World Cup in Qatar, the stadiums have become temples of sport, futuristic, sustainable, easily accessible and with a great aesthetic impact. Webuild, the international player in major works, participates in this development. He accomplished 9 stadiums on 3 continents several including some of the most famous stadiums in the world.
The Olympic stadium in Rome it is a historic stadium, conceived in 1927 with the name of Stadio dei Cipressi and completed only in 1953, it was initially known as the stadium of the hundred thousand because of its capacity, but it became the Stadio Olimpico for all with the assignment to Rome of the 1960 Olympic Games. It is the stadium of the Italian capital and the reference stadium for major events. And just on the occasion of a great event, the 1990 World Championships, the last substantial renovation and roofing interventions, carried out by Webuild, were completed. A turnkey contract, which entrusted the construction company with the management of all the activities, from the coordination of the works to the execution. Overall, just under three years of work, during which the stadium was almost completely rebuilt in reinforced concrete, the curves were brought closer to the field and the whole work was covered with a white tensile structure. Once completed, the new Olimpico, modern, functional and impressive in design, increased from 54,000 to over 82,000 spectators, thus becoming one of the top 15 football stadiums in the world by capacity at the time of the renovation in 1990. A benchmark stadium in Europe , not only for 4 football but also for athletics and rugby, which has chosen the Olimpico as the reference stage for the Six Nations, the most prestigious rugby trophy of the Old Continent.
Named in 1980 in memory of the world champion footballer Giuseppe Meazza, lo San Siro stadium in Milan it is known by fans of this sport as ‘the temple of football’. Its construction, to host AC Milan matches, dates back to 1925 with the first four straight stands. In 1935 the first expansion operation was carried out which brought the capacity from 35,000 to 55,000 seats. Hosting the matches of Milan and Inter, two of the most titled Italian football teams, the stadium became a reference infrastructure and in 1955 it underwent a new structural intervention which brought its capacity to 100,000 seats, later reduced to 85,000 (partly seated, partly standing) for safety reasons. The last major structural intervention was used to prepare the stadium for the 1990 World Championships. It was a radical transformation which required more than two years of work (1987 – 1990), carried out by a pool of companies led by Lodigiani ( later merged into the Webuild Group). The structure now has 85,000 seats, all seated, and a transparent roof that can be extended over the entire stadium (excluding just the pitch). A result obtained thanks to the construction of a third ring of steps, supported by 11 cylindrical towers in reinforced concrete. 5 It is the stadium of records: The most capacious stadium in Italy. The Times ranked it second among the most beautiful stadiums in the world. It is ranked among the twenty largest stadiums in the world.
Qatar, Rome and Milan but not only. In Thailand there is Chiang Mai Stadium. The Changmai Sports Complex, located in the north-east area of the city, covers a total area of 392,000 m2 and consists of the infrastructures described below. A main stadium, with 20,000 seats, including the football field and the eight-lane athletics track, enabled for international competitions. The roof is made up of 4,700 m2 of sheet metal resting on 26 pre-stressed concrete beams, with a length ranging from 25.40 to 30 metres. A soccer field for training, which includes a six-lane athletics track, enabled for national and international competitions. An Olympic swimming pool, 50 meters long, with a capacity of 2,000 spectators and a pool with a platform for jumping up to 10 metres. A multifunctional indoor gymnasium with a capacity of 5,000. A multifunctional indoor gymnasium with a capacity of 3,000 seats and an air-conditioning system. Twelve tennis courts, plus a central court, with stands for 1,000 spectators.
Always Thailand there are i Sports Complexes South of Songkla. The sports complexes cover two sites: Songkla, whose stadium has been expanded from 3,000 to 20,000 seats, with new athletics facilities and a football pitch, with International Standard qualification for competitions: synthetic running track 8-lane road and Hat Yai, a town 30 kilometers from Songkla, with the construction of a new sports complex covering an area of 120,000 m2. 3,000-seat main stadium with soccer field and 8-lane synthetic running track made of polyurethane material for international competitions. 50 meters long swimming pool, with a diving track with a platform placed at a height of 10 meters. Covered multi-sports gymnasium with 1,000 fixed concrete seats that can be increased to 3,000 seats, with pull-out benches, during competitions. Four tennis courts with related facilities.
In Nigeria there is Lagos National Stadium. Football is Nigeria’s most popular sport. The first football match dates back to 1904. Lagos National Stadium is a multi-purpose sports complex in Surulere which also includes an Olympic-sized swimming pool and various sports facilities. The stadium was built in 1972 when Lagos was the federal capital of Nigeria and had a capacity of 55,000 which was later reduced to 45,000. The National stadium has hosted many international competitions, including the 1980 Africa Cup of Nations final.
The Omar Bongo Omnisport Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium located in Libreville. Mainly used for football matches and with an initial capacity of 30,000. It is named after Omar Bongo, who was president of Gabon from 1967 to 2009.
In L’Aquila instead there is Rugby stadium L’Aquila. Webuild built a sports complex in the Italian city, built between 1998 and 2000. The project involved the construction of two covered grandstands complete with equipment and systems (the West Grandstand seats 2,533 people, while the East 2,628). In addition to the grandstands, the works involved the completion of the thermal, water and electricity plants, the construction of the parking areas and the road connections necessary to access the structure.
In Bucharest, Romania, however, there is Lia Manoliu National Stadium. The Stadium was built between 2007 and 2011 as an arena-type stadium, with an extremely high capacity, and classified as Category I (International Competitions). It was necessary to demolish the existing stadium and build a new 55,000-seat arena; platforms, roads, car parks, alleys, sidewalks, driveways, sports greens; connection to public utility networks (water, sewage, natural gas, electricity, telecommunications); technical rooms (central heating, central ventilation, water management).