Reforms, Follini: “Public rhetoric claims them but changing is a risk”

Marco Follini’s point of view for Adnkronos: “The federalism Minister Calderoli is working on is rekindling the fires of the conflict between rich and poor regions”

“The government counts on making new friends, and new merits, with the reforms. A commendable intention, it will be said. But it is said that by taking this path it will not instead find itself multiplying its opponents. And above all its difficulties.

In fact, each of the medals that Meloni and his loved ones would like to pin on their chests has its reverse side. The differentiated autonomy of the regions (loved above all by Salvini, to tell the truth) is viewed with suspicion in the southern territories, even those presided over by the Brothers of Italy. Presidentialism is strongly opposed by the Democratic Party and by a very significant part of the institutional establishment. And the changes in the field of justice are experienced with annoyance and suspicion by a large part of the judiciary.

There is just enough to suggest caution. Except that prudence does not seem to be the main currency of a majority which would aspire to be appreciated for the differences it produces and not for the prudence it cultivates. The old Christian Democrats in their day would have suggested letting go of the reform frenzy, especially in constitutional matters, but we know that those appeals to caution that were fashionable then today appear almost scandalous, and therefore it is safe to bet that the theme will not disappear so easily.

So, you will have to decide what to do and how. And here, however, the risks that the government will have to face become evident. The federalism on which Minister Calderoli is working hard (too much perhaps) is rekindling the fires of conflict between rich and poor regions and, more broadly, between north and south. It could be a good argument for the Lombard governor Fontana’s electoral campaign. And maybe even appease certain anxieties of protagonism of the Northern League leader. But it is evident that in the south this novelty will be appreciated only on condition that the system of resources is not unbalanced. Which is precisely what the northern regions promise to bring home. Albeit with polite ways and reassuring words.

As for justice, the arrest of Matteo Messina Denaro was enough to change the agenda on the matter. If until a few days ago it was a question of getting a handle on telephone interceptions and some abuses in the matter, today a chorus has risen almost everywhere in favor of the current system. Forcing the government and the minister to an inevitable course correction. Now, it is clear that the reform being thought of is far more extensive, and should be so. But it is at least equally evident that the divergence between Nordio’s intentions and the intentions of most of the judiciary (especially the, shall we say, more militant part) could not be wider.

And finally, on presidentialism, the true workhorse of the right, it is a question of crossing tools with a long and robust republican tradition. That tradition that has always viewed with suspicion any idea of ​​centralizing power in the hands of a leader. And that still today can claim in support of its good reasons the fact that the head of state, elected in the usual way, seems to be the point of greatest strength, and even of greatest following, of the whole system. If necessary, reverberating some benefits even on governments of different political affiliations.

In short, the reasons for not changing would be more than one. Except that in the meantime a widespread public rhetoric has taken hold that clamors for ever deeper and ever more imaginative innovations. Rhetoric that at this point resonates in the rooms of Palazzo Chigi in ways that are sometimes more stentorian, sometimes more heartfelt, but apparently by no means defeatist.

Thus, it becomes almost obvious to predict that this caravan will really get going. Without taking too much account of the fact that all previous attempts to change fundamental rules (from Bossi’s devolution to Renzi’s premiership) met with defeat in the popular referendums that were supposed to confirm them.

Since there is no zero risk, it will then be a question of choosing between one risk and another. Knowing, moreover, that those who, like myself, would be of the idea of ​​changing as little as possible, and with the greatest caution, find themselves running perhaps the greatest risk these days”. (by Marco Follini)