Retired people in Italy 2022, Istat: one in almost one out of two families

The photograph of the Italian situation in the latest report of the National Institute of Statistics

Almost one out of two families has at least one pensioner. This is the estimate contained in the Istat report, referring to 2020. No
in 32.8% of cases it concerns a single pensioner and in 13.1% two or more. Retirees live more frequently as a couple without children (37.2%) and alone (27.7%). On the other hand, the percentage of pensioners who live as a couple with children (17.3%), in families with a single parent (11.6%), or in other typologies (7.8%), i.e. in families of isolated members or composed of several nuclei. Compared to the rest of the country, retirees from the North live more often alone (29.3%) or as a couple without children (40.8%), while retirees from the South more frequently live as a couple with children (21.7 %); finally, retirees from the Center are found more frequently in families of other types (10.5%).

Holders of old-age and seniority pensions live relatively more in childless couples (45.9%), while recipients of survivor’s pensions live mainly alone (60.1%) and to a lesser extent with their children as single parent (26.4%), being represented in the vast majority of cases by elderly widows. For households with at least one owner, social transfers in favor of pensioners (hence simply referred to as pension transfers) represent, on average, 64% of net disposable family income (net of imputed rents); the remainder consists of 27.8% from labor income and 8.3% from other income (primarily rents and financial income).

Retirement and old-age pensions, together with severance payments for retirement, provide on average 46.1% of their economic resources, survivors’ benefits 8.7% and the remaining pensions 10.1%. For over 7.1 million households (60% of households with pensioners) pension transfers make up more than three-quarters of disposable household income; in 24.4% of cases the services themselves are the only source of income (almost 2.9 million families), while for 25.6% of families their weight does not exceed half of family income. If there are only pensioners in the family, the percentage of families with pension transfers equal to at least three quarters of their total income rises to 80.1%.