Superbonus, Cgia: “Unbalanced measure in favor of the rich”

“The same amount paid up to now with the citizenship income”

“With the Superbonus 110 per cent we have paid the same amount spent up to now with the citizenship income”, the Cgia points out. “Unlike the latter measure, however, the advantages have affected very few people, especially wealthy people, with a medium-high level of education and with real estate properties located in the historic centers of large cities, especially in Centronord. In short, it is a very expensive measure, heavily biased in favor of the rich and, as we will see later, also distorting the market “, adds the CGIA.

Following 107,588 sworn statements filed as of January 31st, the State, with the Superbonus of 110 percent, will have to bear an expense of just over 20 billion euros. If we take into account that in Italy there are almost 12.2 million residential buildings, we estimate that, up to now, this measure has affected only 0.9 per cent of the total real estate intended for residential use. In other words, by allowing owners who redevelop their properties a tax deduction of 110 percent, we spend 20 billion to improve the energy efficiency of an infinitesimal share of buildings in the country, underlines the Cgia Studies Office.

110 percent, therefore, according to the CGIA it should not be “rejected” for causing fraudulent behavior. On the contrary. According to data from the Revenue Agency, of the 4.4 billion irregularities found, “only” 132 million euros are attributable to this measure. The Superbonus it should be criticized, however, because it presents a frightening cost for general taxation and is not proportional to the number of buildings that are “made efficient”. Therefore, according to the artisans of Mestre, the deductibility threshold of the expenses incurred should be lowered as soon as possible, brought, for example, to 60-70 percent, anticipating the decalage established by the last financial statement.

“By doing so, the owner of the property would be obliged to make a significant share in the cost of the maintenance intervention. Let me be clear, no one ignores the role that bonuses have had in recent years in relaunching construction, in bringing out the black and in improving the quality of our homes; God forbid. However, the conviction of having spent too much and having “drugged” the building market is very high “, highlights the CGIA.

Furthermore, with the Superbonus “the mechanism allows for much more tax deduction than what an owner is required to spend to renovate a buildingtriggered a worrying inflation bubble, fueled also by the sharp increase in prices recorded in the last year by all commodities “.”Faced with a boom in demand which, among other things, by law must be satisfied within a certain period of time, the Superbonus 110 per cent helped to push the prices of many materials upwards (iron, steel, wood, sand, bricks, bitumen, concrete, etc.) and others are almost impossible to find (rock wool, polystyrene, scaffolding, etc.) “he underlines.

It is also important for the CGIA to underline the trend of companies active in the construction sector. According to data from the Chambers of Commerce, in fact, in 2021 the total number increased by 10,699 units (+ 1.4 percent approximately compared to 2020), bringing the national stock to 754,886. The result obtained in the South is of particular importance: in 12 months the companies have increased by over 7,000 units, of which almost 3,000 are based in Campania and just under 1,800 in Sicily. There are no precise data yet, but this boom is certainly attributable to the effects linked to the number of bonuses that by law have been introduced in recent years in construction. Not only. It seems to be understood that a good part of these new activities are led by foreign entrepreneurs who are increasingly “presiding” in this sector, often lowering the level of quality and efficiency.

At the regional level, the CGIA reports that it is Veneto that has registered the most numerous recourse to the Superbonus 110 per cent in relation to existing residential buildings. With 13,933 certifications, the percentage incidence of the latter on the number of existing residential buildings is 1.3 per cent, down in Lazio and Tuscany to 1.2 per cent and 1.1 per cent in Emilia Romagna and Lombardy. The less involved regions, on the other hand, are Calabria and Molise (both with an incidence of 0.6 percent), Sicily and Liguria (both with 0.5 percent). Finally, at a national level, the average amount of the deductions at the end of the works envisaged is equal to 187,437 euros per residential building. The maximum peak can be seen in Basilicata (299,026 euros), Abruzzo (244,127 euros) and Campania (238,952 euros). On the other hand, Tuscany (153,373 euros), Veneto (146,171) and Friuli Venezia Giulia (144,177 euros) close the ranking.