Sustainability, Giovannini: “Dramatically behind on Agenda 2030”

“Of the 17 objectives of the 2030 Agenda, only in 8 do we have improvements, but they are limited improvements”

“The 2030 Agenda, signed in 2015, is objective the largest global effort towards a better world what we have done so far, nevertheless we are dramatically behind, we are behind on a global level, on a European level, on a national level”. Thus Enrico Giovannini, scientific director of Asvis, speaking at the event ‘The new challenges of sustainability’, curated by Eikon Italia Benefit Society in collaboration with the Adnkronos Group.

“The latest Asvis report published in mid-October shows this clearly: first the pandemic, then the war, inflation and rising prices pushed the world backwards compared to the advances that had also occurred between 2015 and 2018; Europe is the most sustainable place in the world, nevertheless Europe is not on a path of environmental, economic, social and institutional sustainability either and Italy is particularly behind”.

Of the 17 objectives of the 2030 Agenda, only 8 have improvements, but they are limited improvements. For 6 we even have worsening compared to 2010: on inequalities, on the protection of marine and terrestrial ecosystems, on development cooperation. So we absolutely need to accelerate – he explains – The government committed itself at the UN in September to making an acceleration plan to achieve the objectives. We are pressing the government precisely in this direction, but time is really short.”

So act immediately. “In the Asvis report there are many recommendations: for example on the subject of healthcare, we need to invest in the care of non-self-sufficient people. In the field of inequality, tax reform should go in the direction of reducing inequality, not increasing it. In the environmental field, a lot can be done: now the government, in the new redesigned Pnrr, has made a commitment to reform the subsidies that are harmful to the environment, we are talking about numerous billions, which should instead be oriented in favor of the environment. There are so many things to do but you have to do them very quickly. Unfortunately the budget law does not go in this direction.”

“Unfortunately, expectations are high, but let’s see international tensions make it very difficult to reach agreements“.

“Good news was the meeting between Xi Jinping and Biden on the topic of accelerating the fight against climate change – he observes – We need to understand whether developing countries and developed countries will be able to find points of agreement, because also in this field there have been many promises from developed countries that have not become reality. So there are strong tensions, it is not a given that we will be able to find an agreement that is beneficial for everyone.”

“In this COP, each country must update its commitments. At the moment the analyzes that have been done show that we will not be able to stop the increase in temperature within 1.5°C; perhaps, during the COP there will be further commitments from governments to go in this direction, we will find out. For Italy I would expect a strong commitment to the climate fund”, he concludes.