Speaks to Adnkronos Anna Maria Anders: “In order for the negotiations to be effective and lead to the much desired peace, they must lead to conditions that the Ukrainians can accept”
“The Russian Federation has carried out a brutal aggression against Ukraine. What is underway is a bestial and bloody war against a sovereign state. These are the facts. Not even the most sophisticated Russian propaganda can change them.” The Polish ambassador to Italy, Anna Maria Anders, thus replies to Adnkronos by commenting on the words of her Russian counterpart Sergej Razov. Interviewed by Adnkronos, the diplomat had repeatedly used the definition of ‘special military operation’ referring to the ongoing conflict and the peace negotiations suggested by Russia and ‘snubbed’ – according to her – by Kiev. “For peace negotiations to be effective and lead to the much desired peace, they must lead to conditions that the Ukrainians can accept. We therefore leave it to the Ukrainians themselves to speak with their own voice on the peace negotiations proposed by Russia.”
“So far, all attempts to reach a ceasefire have not produced the desired results. The international community will not cease to make every possible effort. Peace is the common goal of all of us – adds the ambassador – but it cannot be reached over the heads of the Ukrainians. As a diplomat, I believe that opportunities for diplomatic negotiations must be sought. However, for these to be effective and to produce a lasting result, the real will of both sides must first and foremost. of this condition. Let me quote the words of the Polish President Andrzej Duda: If the war is to end, it should end on the conditions that Ukraine will accept by participating in the negotiations. We reiterate that nothing can happen above the Kiev authorities and nothing can happen above the heads of the Ukrainians “.
TENSIONS WITH GERMANY FOR FAILURE TO SEND LEOPARD WAGONS
“Commenting on the relations between Germany and Poland is not within my competence. I can say, however, that Poland is sending weapons to Ukraine. It is not only our moral duty. After all, the Ukrainians are fighting for the freedom of their country, paying to the at the same time their blood also for the freedom and safety of Europeans. Thousands of innocent victims died at the hands of the Russian aggressor “. The Polish ambassador clears himself of the controversy with the German government, accused by President Duda of not having kept his promise to supply Poland with Leopard tanks and explains to Adnkronos: “Our premier, Mateusz Morawiecki, was able to ascertain the immensity of the suffering of the Ukrainian people when he went to Borodyanka on June 1st. The first Polish-Ukrainian intergovernmental consultations took place on the same day. Poland is the first country, after the Russian invasion in February, to meet with the Ukrainian government with this formula “.
MILLIONS OF UKRAINIAN MIGRANTS IN POLAND
“More than 6.5 million Ukrainian refugees have been forced to flee their country since the beginning of the Russian aggression against Ukraine. An additional million people have had to resettle inside the country. In total, about 3.7 million of people have arrived in Poland from Ukraine since the beginning of the Russian invasion. As Poland, we feel a great responsibility to help and welcome our neighbors in our country. We treat them as ‘guests’ “, emphasizes the Polish ambassador to Italy commenting on the influx of migrants fleeing the war in his country to date in first place for reception. “The Poles, I mean ordinary citizens – she says – are committed to helping Ukrainians on an unprecedented scale, hosting them in their homes, helping them find work or sharing their livelihoods with them”.
“Also at the government level we have introduced many systemic solutions with the aim of allowing Ukrainian citizens who intend to stay in Poland for a longer period to start functioning normally, become independent, adapt, take care of their children, go to work. In the last three months – he continues – the reception points have provided assistance to over 950,000 refugees from Ukraine. Over 350,000 people have benefited from accommodation organized in almost 6,000 structures. In total, more than one million Pesel numbers (equivalent of the Italian tax code, ed) were issued to Ukrainian citizens. We allocate huge resources to support refugees and the local governments that host them. The additional funds of the European Union will certainly be useful to manage the current situation “.
SANCTIONS AND CONSEQUENCES
Poland has run out of Russian gas because it does not intend to pay for it in rubles, in compliance with EU banking sanctions against the Russian Federation. “By demanding payment in rubles for the gas, Russia has violated the terms of the contract with Poland. By doing so – replies the Polish ambassador Anders to Adnkronos – it has also shown that it is not a reliable counterpart. We were preparing for this. for several years. We have diversified sources of gas supply and developed the necessary infrastructures, such as the Świnoujście gas port and a number of interconnectors. Our warehouses are 95% full. We are therefore able to cope even without Russian gas. So far, supplies to the homes of Polish families or businesses have not been interrupted “.
“This autumn the construction of the new Baltic Pipe gas pipeline will be completed which will allow the importation of gas from Norway. We are counting on the fact that Poland will then become completely independent from the Russian supply – he announces – The strong foundations of the Polish economy which allow it to be remarkably resilient to crises. In the fourth quarter of 2021, the level of Polish GDP was already almost 5% higher than before the pandemic. Despite the disruptions in global supply chains, our industry has shown great adaptability: the decline in industrial production in 2020 was only 1.9%, while at the end of 2021 its growth reached 14.8%. At the same time, the situation on the labor market in Poland is really good: according to Eurostat data, in March this year the unemployment rate in Poland was 3%, against the EU average of 6.2% “.
“We also believe that every challenge brings with it an element of opportunity – concludes Anders – in this case, the possibility for the entire Community to realize how unreliable Russia is and willing to resort to a ‘divide and rule’ strategy. And to understand that the only possible way for Europe is to free, without delay and without resorting to half measures, the entire EU from its energy dependence on Russia “.
by Silvia Mancinelli