the great exodus towards the green between opportunities and problems

Istud’s International Colloquium will be streamed on November 30th

The ecological transition: opportunities and problems for Italy in facing the great exodus towards the green will be at the center of the International Colloquium entitled ‘The ecological transition (won’t it be a relaxing walk?). The great exodus to the green. Companies and citizens on the front line to help out ‘organized by Istud, with the patronage of the Ministry of Ecological Transition, on 30 November, from 9.30 to 13.00, live streaming online ( the-ecological-transition /); media partner Adnkronos Prometheus.

“The application to this path – says Marella Caramazza, Istud general manager – will require graduality, without leaving anyone behind by listening and adopting thoughtful solutions, freed from useless conflicts”. “What Carlo Petrini calls the peasant wisdom of secular knowledge – specifies Maurizio Guandalini, chairman of the event – which, together with science, will be able to face scenarios, of geoeconomics and geopolitics, populated by ‘sharks’, the final decision makers of the energy revolution, engaged in dueling for the control of underground resources “.

Before the workshop the speakers draw a picture of the opportunities and problems for Italy in facing the great exodus towards the green. Won’t it be a relaxing walk? “We encounter the traditional regulatory ‘overlapping’ – observes Professor Walter Ganapini, of the scientific committee of the European Environment Agency – the abuse of secondary standardization tools aimed at non-implementation, the growing poverty of technical and scientific culture in the staff at at central, regional and local level, the planned decline of the technical agencies responsible for the evaluation, monitoring and control of projects and plans of public competence “. Professor Valentino Piana, of the Swiss University of Valais, answers the change in our habits. “Quitting smoking has already been done by millions and now we must do it as a society by quitting smoking in our cars and factories. The benefits, with a better city air, more silence for sleep and less risk, will be felt. in 5 years after the efforts have served to significantly lower emissions. Norway is succeeding with electric cars and 112 countries have reduced total emissions in 2020 compared to 2015 “.

But we cannot overlook the aspect that the ecological transition comes after a worrying pandemic crisis that has changed above all the family economy. For Andrea Farinet of Liuc – Cattaneo University, “we must all decide together whether the drama we are experiencing is a painful singularity or a necessary transition towards a new innovative social architecture. My recipe? High goals, low expectations, constant commitment to rebuild trust , hopes and belonging “.

But the ecological transition cannot happen without costs, and we are already experiencing its first consequences such as rising energy prices. “Hydrogen – says Alberto Dossi of the Sapio Group – is a zero-emission energy vector, which can also be green in its production process and for this reason it is considered key to replace fossil fuels in energy-intensive processes and sectors high environmental impact. Hydrogen will play a key role throughout Europe and also in our country which is building a strategy for the use of this energy vector thanks to the PNRR “. If Europe had been more self-sufficient with production mainly from renewable sources could it have avoided this ‘energy shock’? “The answer is not simple and not even obvious – says Romano Stefani of Dolomiti Energia – Probably in part we could have avoided it because, as is well known, plants from renewable sources have higher construction costs but then the generation costs are independent of the international prices of fossil fuels. . It is therefore evident that an ever greater penetration of renewable sources at European level can contribute to price stability in the medium and long term with benefits for all consumers “.

Starting with the replacement of boilers with new generation heat pump boilers. “Today the heating of buildings – explains Riccardo Bani di Teon – is one of the main causes of city pollution, responsible for over 19% of the climate-altering emissions produced by Italy and 60% of fine dust in urban areas. Still in 2020 unfortunately in Italy only 5% of energy consumption from heating is produced with zero-emission renewable sources, the residual 95% is still produced mainly through the use of fossil fuels (81%) and partly biomass (14%) “. The answer is Energy Social Company, word of Massimiliano Braghin of Infinityhub. “The three dimensions are well represented by green, fintech and socialing. In fact, each investee company incorporates these three values ​​by acting on the reduction of emissions thanks to the necessary use of clean energy, offering total coverage of finance divided into risk capital and debt. collected respectively with equity crowdfunding and thanks to the relationships established with the main national credit institutions, and finally exploding a social phenomenon of ‘Con-d (y) -visione’ “.

And how are large multinational companies moving towards combining digital transition and sustainability, for example? With Fabbriche Lighthouse, zero emissions, energy efficiency and renewable sources. “This commitment – affirms Fabio Golinelli of Abb – is accompanied by the objective of supporting customers in reducing their emissions by 100 megatonnes of CO2 annually: it will be like making 30 million combustion cars disappear from circulation”. “We – explains Annalisa Citterio of Cnh Industrial – have specific systems and processes to reduce energy consumption and limit the use of fossil fuels, favoring electricity from renewable sources. The initiatives to promote increasingly sustainable logistic processes are concentrated on technologies, procedures and activities aimed at reducing emissions in transport, adopting intermodal solutions and optimizing transport capacity “.

To return to the ecological transition to Italian, what are the opportunities that will open up and the obstacles that will be found? “Directive 2018/2001 / EU (Red II) – specifies Paolo Peroni of Studio Roedl Partner – will aim to accelerate the transition from traditional fuels to renewable sources thanks to simplification of the authorization procedures, new rules in the recognition of incentives and support towards electric mobility “. Will all this be enough to guide the country towards a sustainable future? “Italy – Professor Alessandro Marangoni ceo of Althesys Strategic Consultants points out – is lagging behind the decarbonization target by 2030 which, at the current pace of renewables, will not be grasped. Among the main reasons are the complexities and excessive durations of the authorization processes, which have slowed down, or even blocked, many projects “. “The costs incurred by the operators – argues Francesco Marghella senior energy analyst of Althesys – for permitting cover a significant and growing share of the investment. A bureaucratic process blocked for years and with an uncertain outcome affects the balance sheets of companies, making the projects old before birth and less competitive, aggravating the bill “.