Veneto the cheapest. Separate collection is growing but there are few initiatives to encourage reuse and limit waste
(Ler / Adnkronos)
It is 312 euros the waste tax paid on average in 2021 by a family in our country, with an increase of 1.5% compared to the previous year. The region with the lowest average expenditure is the Veneto (232 euros), where there is also a decrease of about 4% compared to the previous year. In contrast, the region with the highest spending remains there Campania (416 euros, -0.6% compared to 2020). This is the picture that emerges from the annual survey by the Cittadinanzattiva Observatory on prices and tariffs, available online on the website www.cittadinanzattiva.it.
The survey on the costs incurred by citizens for waste disposal in all provincial capitals takes as a reference in 2021 a typical family of 3 people and a 100 square meter house. The survey is carried out as part of the ‘Initiatives for the benefit of consumers’, financed by the ministry of economic development.
At the territorial level, there are increases in twelve regions: double-digit increase in Liguria (+ 10.3%), followed by Basilicata with + 8.1%, Molise with + 6.1% and Calabria with + 5.9%; tariffs decreased in six: in Sardinia there was a -5% and in Veneto a -3.8%.
“In the face of an average expenditure per family that continues to rise and an excessive inequality of the tariff between regions and individual cities, we are sorry to note that only 10% of the provincial capitals apply the punctual rate which would incentivize families to produce less waste. In the same way, initiatives to encourage reuse and to reduce waste are still scarce, although finally all regions are registering an increase in the levels of separate waste collection ”, declares Tiziana Toto, head of consumer policies at Cittadinanzattiva.
Catania is the most expensive provincial capital (504 euros stable on 2020), Potenza the cheapest (131 euros, but up compared to 2020, 121 euros). Compared to the 112 provincial capitals examined, there were increasing variations (compared to 2020) in 53 capitals, situations of stability in 37 and decreasing variations in 22. In Vibo Valentia the highest increase (+ 44.9% ), in Rovigo the most significant decrease (-23%). At the level of geographical areas, waste costs less in the North (on average 270 euros, + 1.6% compared to 2020), followed by the Center (313 euros, + 2.4%), and finally the South, more expensive (353 euro, + 1.3%).
Separate collection: Veneto at the top, bad in Sicily
Separate collection is growing in Italy but initiatives to encourage reuse and limit waste are still scarce. Veneto is the most virtuous region, Sicily is bad. According to the 2020 urban waste report of Ispra (Higher Institute for Environmental Protection and Research), Italians in 2019 produced 30.1 million tons of urban waste (-0.3% compared to 2018).
The majority is produced in the North (47.9%) followed by the South (30.3%) and finally by the Center within (21.8%). The national average of separate collection reached 61.3% (+3.1 percentage points compared to 2018) while 21% ends up in landfills. In terms of geographical areas, the North (69.6% of separate waste collection) also stands out in this case, followed by the Center (58.1%) and the South (50.6%).
All the percentages of regional separate waste collection are increasing. The most virtuous are Veneto, Sardinia, Trentino Alto Adige, Lombardy, Emilia Romagna and Friuli Venezia Giulia which have exceeded the target of 65%. At the head of the Veneto which differentiates 74.7% of the waste, the rear is Sicily with just 38.5%.
78% of the provincial capitals provide for door-to-door and roadside collection, 18% only door-to-door and 4% only collection on the road. About 81% of the provincial capitals foresee incentives or other actions to facilitate self-composting at home. These measures essentially translate into the reduction of the waste tariff (about 89% of cases), the free distribution of the composter (about 64% of cases) and the organization of free home composting courses (17% of cases).
On the other hand, however, there is still too little attention to the prevention of waste production: for example, specific awareness campaigns are carried out to reduce waste only in 56.9% of cases; the organization of initiatives to promote exchange, reuse and / or repair are foreseen only in 38.5% and 17.4% of the provincial capitals respectively; the rear are the concessions for the purchase of washable nappies, provided for only in 15.6%.