Ukraine, Greco (Aixia-Unical): “Not only nuclear, risks also from weapons with Artificial Intelligence”

The computer scientist at Adnkronos: “Europe has a say, we need an international regulation”

In the war scenarios “we have reflected a lot on the consequences of the use of nuclear weapons” or “attacks on nuclear power plants” – like the one that just happened at the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant – instead “we are not so prepared” for a war based on “technological weaponscompletely autonomous weapons, systems based on artificial intelligence “ and for this “we need a shared international regulation”. It is one of the reflections coming from the computer scientist and artificial intelligence expert Gianluigi Greco, interviewed by Adnkronos. Professor of Computer Science at the University of Calabria and president of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence (Aixia), Greco therefore invites us to raise our eyes on the risks of using tech weapons in the conflict unleashed by Russia with the invasion of Ukraine. “Those who work on Artificial Intelligence, unanimously, have been stressing for a long time that sooner or later the use of intelligent weapons will become a real problem and, even if these scenarios do not seem so concrete at the moment, they are dramatically approaching as nuclear risk is returning “.

Commenting on Roscosmos’ twitter report of a massive hacking attack on Russia’s largest space company, Greco explains that “The goal of hacker attacks is that
to send communication systems into a tailspin making the systems that use IT tools unusable “. “These are attacks that aim to destroy computer systems,” he adds. However, on the chessboard of Russia’s war on Ukraine, Greco warns that he “is also showing off with a possible use of” autonomous weapons, killer robots, tanks
intelligent that move on the ground without men on board “, weapons based” on artificial intelligence systems “and” these scenarios involve serious risks “. Greco recalls that “many tools that we do not even see use artificial intelligence systems” and can be put “at the service of war”. “Drones that fly autonomously are just examples that we have seen tragically already at work in other war scenarios. But the problems – warns the president of Aixia – can come from new weapons that are being worked on, weapons from earth as completely intelligent tanks which, without any human intervention and equipped with artificial intelligence, could move on the ground and pose a real risk for humanity “. The danger that the expert of the University of Calabria points out is that in these war scenarios
hi-tech “You risk completely losing the chain of command, it may not be clear who makes the decisions
and who goes to put humanity in deep danger “ because, “even in the atrocities inherent in a more traditional war there is still the human element that could make less devastating decisions for the populations and civil communities”.

Hence Greco’s exhortation to put the risk of using autonomous and intelligent weapons “under the lens” of European regulators. Even if, he admits, “there are objective resistances from some countries that still ‘do not see’ the threat of technological weapons and are not interested in international regulation”. According to Greco, the problem “is well known” but “the European community that has been analyzing, for the past year, a proposal for a regulation, approved in its general lines, about the use of Artificial Intelligence in our daily life, he makes no mention of the use of AI in weapons of war. “ “The intention is to postpone the issue to another regulation and yet we need to quickly reflect” on these issues, argues the expert. “Our Parliament too is analyzing, in turn, the European proposal for a regulation “ed
I hope he will make a reminder of the use of AI in war weapons when it is pronounced ” the professor continues, referring to having “been consulted as president of Aixia in the Chamber”. “I started the meeting, perhaps in a not entirely orthodox way, talking about the theme of AI in military weapons and I found on this a lot of sensitivity in the speakers in the Chamber “ reports. For this reason, finally observes Greco, “I hope that, at the end of March, in presenting the Italian evaluation of the EU proposal for the regulation of AI, the Italian Parliament will say something” also regarding the use of artificial intelligence in war weapons. (by Andreana d’Aquino)