Rosatom is involved in the military industrial effort for warfare. She should therefore be included in the list of sanctioned entities, as Kiev demands. But the agency exports fuel and reactors all over the world, even to the West. Even the United States, to which it guarantees 25% of enriched uranium supplies.
Russia’s nuclear industry agency Rosatom contributes to the war effort against Ukraine, reports the Washington Post, urging the state conglomerate to be included in the list of sanctioned entities. Because Rosatom supplies the military industry with components, technology and aluminum oxide for rocket fuel, lithium ion for tank batteries, 3D printing technology, and has also facilitated the control of the Zaporizhzhia plant, where employees of the group were sent.
Last October, according to documents collected by Ukrainian intelligence cited by the American newspaper, executives of Rosatom, which has always presented itself as a civilian entity while maintaining a role in the military nuclear sector, met representatives of the military complex at the Ministry of Defence. industrial.
Rosatom supplies components to companies such as arms manufacturer Almaz-Antey, missile systems manufacturer Npk Tekhmash, Vysokotochniye Kompleksy, which makes the Iskanders, and NPO Splav, which makes the Urgan launcher for cluster bombs. “If Rosatom provides support for the Russian arms industry, it is sanctionable,” said Daniel Fried, the US State Department’s sanctions coordinator until 2017.
To date, the introduction of restrictions for the group has been held back by its involvement in the nuclear programs of many countries, including several Western countries, including the United States which depends on Rosatom for a quarter of its supplies of enriched uranium. There are 18 operational ‘made in Russia’ nuclear power plants in the European Union.
Rosatom controls 30 percent of the global market for enriched uranium, 17 percent of the market for reactor fuels. Of the 450 active reactors in the world, 20 percent are built by Russia. And Rosatom currently has 23 reactors in the pipeline worldwide, including in India, Turkey and Egypt, with a foreign order book of 200 billion dollars. The risk is therefore that of introducing further volatility to the global energy sector.
The Ukrainian president’s chief of staff, Andriy Yermak, recently met with the US State Department’s sanctions coordinator, James O’Brian, to urge sanctions against Rosatom. Premier Denys Shmyhal did the same last month in his conversation with the Vice President of the EU Commission, Frans Timmermans.