The training citadels that wink at the Anglo-Saxon colleges
It is reinforcing after the pandemic the university education system in Italy which, according to the data published on the Mur website, currently has 140 institutions spread throughout the national territory, of which 67 state universities present in all regions, except Valle d’Aosta, and 20 non-state universities. But we need to arrive at the turn of the century to see e-learning take hold in our country as well. In fact, it has only been since 2000 that Italy too has developed with 11 telematic universities, all under private law, which have brought to our country distance learning processes based on technological platforms, IT systems that manage the distribution and use of educational content.
A way of training that precisely in the pandemic era has often been misunderstood with Dad, distance learning which has instead allowed academic training to thousands of students overwhelmed in their study path by the Covid-19 tsunami. And the university campuses, those made in Italy university citadels of education that wink at Anglo-Saxon colleges. Although the term campus is Latin, it was in fact introduced into current language in the United States to name the university areas including green areas. The term campus was first used to describe the fields around a Princeton University college and then adopted to refer to the fields of other colleges.
In Italy, however, during the last century, the term campus began to indicate the entire area, including buildings, owned by a university. Now the campuses are spread all over Italy. Present from the North to the Center to the South of the country, some examples of Italian university campuses are those of the Città Studi of Biella, the University of Catania, the Magna Græcia University of Catanzaro, the “Gabriele d ‘Annunzio” of Chieti, of the University of Milan-Bicocca. It’s still.
University campuses are also those of the University of Palermo, the University of Parma, the Humanitas University of Pieve Emanuele, the University of Calabria in Rende, the University of Rome Tor Vergata, the University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, of the “Niccolò Cusano” University of Rome, of the University of Salerno and the Luigi Einaudi Campus of the University of Turin.
There are also areas of the country where, on the other hand, research and training have been combined with development and business. This is the case of Area Science Park, the National Research Body Area Science Park on the Trieste Karst, which has the two campuses of Padriciano and Basovizza and a science and technology park which, today, is one of the strengths of a territory with one of the highest concentrations of research centers in Europe, which is the city of Trieste. The Area park hosts high-tech companies and public and private laboratories for a total of 64 realities, of which 57 companies and 7 research centers and foundations, which employ a total of over 2,700 people. Centers of excellence also operate in the park, including the Elettra Sincrotrone and the Icgeb, the laboratories of the Infn section of Trieste and some institutes of the Cnr, as well as numerous innovative companies and startups.
Over the years Area Science Park has expanded its range of action beyond the perimeter of its two campuses in Padriciano and Basovizza, developing technology transfer projects and innovation services for small and medium-sized enterprises in Italy and abroad, in particular in the central European and Balkan area. Among the important scientific installations in the Park, the Elettra Laboratory stands out, of which the Nobel Prize winner for Physics Carlo Rubbia was the first president, the Italian third-generation synchrotron light source at the service of the national and international scientific and industrial community since 1993 Since 2010, Elettra has been joined by the Fermi Free Electron Laser, one of the few laser sources of this type in operation today in the world, capable of observing the ultra-fast and, at the same time, microscopic phenomena that occur at the atomic and molecular level.